P.J. Devereaux, MD, PhD; Denis Xavier, MD, MSc; Janice Pogue, MSc; Gordon Guyatt, MD, MSc; Alben Sigamani, MD; Ignacio Garutti, MD, PhD; Kate Leslie, MD, MEpi; Purnima Rao-Melacini, MSc; Sue Chrolavicius, RN; Homer Yang, MD; Colin MacDonald, MD; Alvaro Avezum, MD, PhD; Luc Lanthier, MD, MSc; Weijiang Hu, MD; Salim Yusuf, MBBS, DPhil; on behalf of the POISE (PeriOperative ISchemic Evaluation) Investigators
Devereaux P, Xavier D, Pogue J, Guyatt G, Sigamani A, Garutti I, et al. Characteristics and Short-Term Prognosis of Perioperative Myocardial Infarction in Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery: A Cohort Study. Ann Intern Med. 2011;154:523-528. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-154-8-201104190-00003
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2011;154(8):523-528.
Each year, millions of patients worldwide have a perioperative myocardial infarction (MI) after noncardiac surgery.
To examine the characteristics and short-term outcome of perioperative MI.
Cohort study. (ClinicalTrials.gov registration number: NCT00182039)
190 centers in 23 countries.
8351 patients included in the POISE (PeriOperative ISchemic Evaluation) trial.
Four cardiac biomarker or enzyme assays were measured within 3 days of surgery. The definition of perioperative MI included either autopsy findings of acute MI or an elevated level of a cardiac biomarker or enzyme and at least 1 of the following defining features: ischemic symptoms, development of pathologic Q waves, ischemic changes on electrocardiography, coronary artery intervention, or cardiac imaging evidence of MI.
Within 30 days of random assignment, 415 patients (5.0%) had a perioperative MI. Most MIs (74.1%) occurred within 48 hours of surgery; 65.3% of patients did not experience ischemic symptoms. The 30-day mortality rate was 11.6% (48 of 415 patients) among patients who had a perioperative MI and 2.2% (178 of 7936 patients) among those who did not (P < 0.001). Among patients with a perioperative MI, mortality rates were elevated and similar between those with (9.7%; adjusted odds ratio, 4.76 [95% CI, 2.68 to 8.43]) and without (12.5%; adjusted odds ratio, 4.00 [CI, 2.65 to 6.06]) ischemic symptoms.
Cardiac markers were measured only until day 3 after surgery, and additional asymptomatic MIs may have been missed.
Most patients with a perioperative MI will not experience ischemic symptoms. Data suggest that routine monitoring of troponin levels in at-risk patients is needed after surgery to detect most MIs, which have an equally poor prognosis regardless of whether they are symptomatic or asymptomatic.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research.
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Cardiology, Coronary Risk Factors, Acute Coronary Syndromes, Coronary Heart Disease.
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