David Wonderling, MSc; Laura Sawyer, MSc; Elisabetta Fenu, MSc; Kate Lovibond, MSc; Philippe Laramée, DC, MSc
The National Clinical Guideline Centre (NCGC) develops evidence-based clinical guidelines on behalf of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) in the United Kingdom. The U.K. Department of Health has commissioned NICE to make recommendations on the basis of both clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. This article describes how cost-effectiveness is evaluated and accounted for in NCGC guidelines. Six recent case studies are presented, in which consideration of cost-effectiveness has informed recommendations in various ways for clinical guidelines on alcohol use disorders, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, glaucoma, lower urinary tract symptoms, non–ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and unstable angina, and venous thromboembolism prophylaxis. Some of the challenges faced in trying to account for cost-effectiveness in clinical guidelines are outlined, as well as some of the difficulties in adapting cost-effectiveness guidelines for other settings.
ICER = incremental cost-effectiveness ratio; QALY = quality-adjusted life-year.
Appendix Table 1.
Appendix Table 2.
Appendix Table 3.
The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.
Wonderling D, Sawyer L, Fenu E, Lovibond K, Laramée P. National Clinical Guideline Centre Cost-Effectiveness Assessment for the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Ann Intern Med. 2011;154:758–765. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-154-11-201106070-00008
Download citation file:
Published: Ann Intern Med. 2011;154(11):758-765.
Guidelines, High Value Care.
Results provided by:
Copyright © 2017 American College of Physicians. All Rights Reserved.
Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
Conditions of Use
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only