Renee Butkus, BA; Joshua Serchen, BA; Darilyn V. Moyer, MD; Sue S. Bornstein, MD; Susan Thompson Hingle, MD; for the Health and Public Policy Committee of the American College of Physicians (*)
Disclosures: Dr. Hingle reports receiving a stipend for her role as chair of the ACP Board of Regents outside the submitted work. Authors not named here have disclosed no conflicts of interest. Disclosures can also be viewed at www.acponline.org/authors/icmje/ConflictOfInterestForms.do?msNum=M17-3438.
Requests for Single Reprints: Renee Butkus, BA, American College of Physicians, 25 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Suite 700, Washington, DC 20001; e-mail, email@example.com.
Current Author Addresses: Ms. Butkus and Mr. Serchen: American College of Physicians, 25 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Suite 700, Washington, DC 20001.
Dr. Moyer: American College of Physicians, 190 N. Independence Mall West, Philadelphia, PA 19106.
Dr. Bornstein: Texas Medical Home Initiative, 3111 Beverly Drive, Dallas, TX 75205.
Dr. Hingle: Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, 801 North Rutledge Street, PO Box 19628, Springfield, IL 62794-9628.
Author Contributions: Conception and design: R. Butkus, J. Serchen, D.V. Moyer, S.S. Bornstein, S.T. Hingle.
Analysis and interpretation of the data: R. Butkus, J. Serchen.
Drafting of the article: R. Butkus, J. Serchen, D.V. Moyer, S.T. Hingle.
Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: R. Butkus, D.V. Moyer, S.S. Bornstein, S.T. Hingle.
Final approval of the article: R. Butkus, J. Serchen, D.V. Moyer, S.S. Bornstein, S.T. Hingle.
Administrative, technical, or logistic support: R. Butkus, J. Serchen, S.S. Bornstein, S.T. Hingle.
Collection and assembly of data: R. Butkus, J. Serchen, S.T. Hingle.
Women comprise more than one third of the active physician workforce, an estimated 46% of all physicians-in-training, and more than half of all medical students in the United States. Although progress has been made toward gender diversity in the physician workforce, disparities in compensation exist and inequities have contributed to a disproportionately low number of female physicians achieving academic advancement and serving in leadership positions. Women in medicine face other challenges, including a lack of mentors, discrimination, gender bias, cultural environment of the workplace, imposter syndrome, and the need for better work–life integration. In this position paper, the American College of Physicians summarizes the unique challenges female physicians face over the course of their careers and provides recommendations to improve gender equity and ensure that the full potential of female physicians is realized.
Appendix Table. Case Studies
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Butkus R, Serchen J, Moyer DV, Bornstein SS, Hingle ST, for the Health and Public Policy Committee of the American College of Physicians. Achieving Gender Equity in Physician Compensation and Career Advancement: A Position Paper of the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. [Epub ahead of print 17 April 2018]:. doi: 10.7326/M17-3438
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2018.
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