Thomas A. Waldmann, MD; Ira H. Pastan, MD; Otto A. Gansow, PhD; Richard P. Junghans, PhD, MD
▪ Activation of resting T-lymphocytes induces synthesis of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and expression of cell surface receptors for this lymphokine. In contrast to resting normal T-cells that do not express high-affinity IL-2 receptors (IL-2R), abnormal T-cells of patients with leukemia-lymphoma, certain autoimmune disorders, and individuals rejecting allografts express this receptor. Exploiting this difference in receptor expression, antibodies to the IL-2 receptor have been used effectively to treat patients with leukemia and lymphoma. One approach is to use monoclonal antibodies produced in mice; the disadvantage is that they are highly immunogenic. In an effort to reduce the immunogenicity of the mouse monoclonal antibodies, monoclonalantibody-mediated therapy has been revolutionized by generating humanized antibodies produced by genetic engineering in which the molecule is human except for the antigen-combining regions, which are retained from the mouse. Further, to increase its cytotoxic effectiveness, the monoclonal antibody has been armed with toxins or radionuclides. Alternatively, IL-2 itself has been linked to a toxin to kill IL-2 receptor-bearing cells. Thus, IL-2 receptor-directed therapy provides a new method for treating certain neoplastic diseases and autoimmune disorders and for preventing allograft rejection.
The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.
Waldmann TA, Pastan IH, Gansow OA, Junghans RP. The Multichain Interleukin-2 Receptor: A Target for Immunotherapy. Ann Intern Med. ;116:148–160. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-116-2-148
Download citation file:
Published: Ann Intern Med. 1992;116(2):148-160.
Copyright © 2019 American College of Physicians. All Rights Reserved.
Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
Conditions of Use