Ping Zhang, PhD; Michael M. Engelgau, MD; Susan L. Norris, MD; Edward W. Gregg, PhD; K. M. Venkat Narayan, MD
Potential Financial Conflicts of Interest: None disclosed.
Requests for Single Reprints: Ping Zhang, PhD, Division of Diabetes Translation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop K-10, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Atlanta, GA 30341; e-mail, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Current Author Addresses: Drs. Zhang, Engelgau, Norris, Gregg, and Narayan: Division of Diabetes Translation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop K-10, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Atlanta, GA 30341
Facing limited resources and increases in demand from competing programs, policymakers and health care providers seek guidance from economic studies on how to use health care resources wisely. Previous economic studies mainly focused on estimating the cost of diabetes and cost-effectiveness of different interventions. These studies found that diabetes is costly and that its cost will continue to increase; thus, more resources should be devoted to research aimed at finding effective means to prevent the disease and its complications. In addition, the cost-effectiveness of interventions varies greatly in terms of quality-adjusted life-years gained; therefore, efficient uses of resources should be an important consideration when interventions are prioritized. The need for economic studies will continue to grow because of increasing demand for limited resources from the growing number of interventions available. Future studies should be of better quality and broadened in areas of research.
Table 1. Total Economic Cost of Diabetes in the United States in 2002*
Table 2. Three Economic Methods of Evaluating an Intervention in Health and Medicine
Table 3. Cost–Utility or Cost–Benefit Ratio of Interventions To Prevent and Treat Diabetes from the Perspective of the Single Payer
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Zhang P, Engelgau MM, Norris SL, Gregg EW, Venkat Narayan KM. Application of Economic Analysis to Diabetes and Diabetes Care. Ann Intern Med. 2004;140:972–977. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-140-11-200406010-00039
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2004;140(11):972-977.
Cardiology, Coronary Risk Factors, Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolism.
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