Rainu Kaushal, MD, MPH; David Blumenthal, MD, MPP; Eric G. Poon, MD, MPH; Ashish K. Jha, MD, MPH; Calvin Franz, PhD; Blackford Middleton, MD, MPH, MSc; John Glaser, PhD; Gilad Kuperman, MD, PhD; Melissa Christino, AB; Rushika Fernandopulle, MD, MPP; Joseph P. Newhouse, PhD; David W. Bates, MD, MSc; and the Cost of National Health Information Network Working Group
Building on expert opinion about the requirements to develop a national health information network (NHIN), the authors estimated its 5-year cost to be $156 billion. This expenditure is equivalent to 2% of U.S. annual health care spending for 5 years. This estimate will help policymakers decide how much the United States should invest in an NHIN.
Ann Intern Med. 2005;143(3):165-173. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-143-3-200508020-00002
Bernard G. Jaar, MD, MPH; Josef Coresh, MD, PhD; Laura C. Plantinga, ScM; Nancy E. Fink, MPH; Michael J. Klag, MD, MPH; Andrew S. Levey, MD; Nathan W. Levin, MD; John H. Sadler, MD; Alan Kliger, MD; Neil R. Powe, MD, MPH, MBA
This study found that the risk for death during peritoneal dialysis is lower than that during hemodialysis in the first year after starting dialysis. However, at 2 years and thereafter, the risk for death with peritoneal dialysis is greater than that with hemodialysis. The best time to switch from peritoneal dialysis to hemodialysis is an unanswered question.
Ann Intern Med. 2005;143(3):174-183. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-143-3-200508020-00003
Milo A. Puhan, MD; Johann Steurer, MD, MME; Lucas M. Bachmann, MD, PhD; Gerben ter Riet, MD, PhD
These preliminary findings suggest that presenting diagnostic test accuracy as a likelihood ratio (which shows the amount that the odds of disease will change after a test result) does not affect some physicians' estimates of post-test probability compared with presenting diagnostic test results as sensitivity and specificity.
Ann Intern Med. 2005;143(3):184-189. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-143-3-200508020-00004
Glenn M. Eisen, MD, MPH; David S. Weinberg, MD, MSc
This review summarizes an evidence-based approach to the common clinical problem of how and when to screen for colorectal cancer (CRC) in a patient with a family history of colonic neoplasia. The authors discuss the varying risks for CRC; weigh the risks and benefits of various screening alternatives; and briefly address chemoprevention, genetic testing, and future directions in screening for CRC.
Ann Intern Med. 2005;143(3):190-198. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-143-3-200508020-00005
Howard Hampel, MD, PhD; Neena S. Abraham, MD, MSc(Epi); Hashem B. El-Serag, MD, MPH
Obesity is associated with a 1.5- to 2.0-fold increase in the risk for symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease, erosive esophagitis, and esophageal adenocarcinoma. With increasing body weight, the risk for these disorders seems to increase progressively.
Ann Intern Med. 2005;143(3):199-211. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-143-3-200508020-00006
John V.L. Sheffield, MD; Eric B. Larson, MD, MPH
The goal of this Update in General Internal Medicine is to inform practicing internists about the past year's clinically important research papers. The Update discusses cardiovascular disease and statin use, management issues in coronary artery disease, hypertension, weight loss programs, cyclooxygenase inhibitors, hormone replacement therapy, dementia, pulmonary medicine, prostate cancer, and preventive medicine.
Ann Intern Med. 2005;143(3):212-221. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-143-3-200508020-00007
Richard J. Baron, MD; Elizabeth L. Fabens, MD; Melissa Schiffman, MD; Erica Wolf, MD
The authors recently implemented a full-featured electronic health record in their independent, 4-internist, community-based practice of general internal medicine. This article tells the story of this change. It describes the hardships of change, its rewards, and the effects of electronic health records on this practice's finances, work flow, and office environment.
Ann Intern Med. 2005;143(3):222-226. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-143-3-200508020-00008
Peter Basch, MD
In this issue, Baron and colleagues detail the costs and difficulties of implementing an electronic health record (EHR) system, and Kaushal and colleagues estimate the costs of building a national health information network (NHIN). Many questions surround these innovations. Will meaningful health care transformation follow? Are EHRs and the NHIN interdependent? Is the EHR affordable for small practices? Can the United States afford the NHIN? How can we make EHR implementation and secure connectivity easier and less costly?
Ann Intern Med. 2005;143(3):227-228. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-143-3-200508020-00009
Gerald Schulman, MD
Jaar and colleagues found that patients with end-stage renal disease receiving peritoneal dialysis have a lower risk for death in the first year of dialysis than those receiving hemodialysis. After the first year, survival is better with hemodialysis. Their findings differ from those of previous investigations. This editorial reviews the strengths and weaknesses of the Jaar study and places it into the framework of advances in dialysis techniques.
Ann Intern Med. 2005;143(3):229-231. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-143-3-200508020-00010
Harold C. Sox, MD, Editor; Cynthia Mulrow, MD, MSc, Deputy Editor
In 2002, Annals published a systematic review of screening for prostate cancer. The value of screening depends on the effectiveness of treatment of early-stage prostate cancer. In 2002, the only well-conducted randomized trial comparing radical prostatectomy with watchful waiting had a follow-up of 6.2 years, which is short relative to the long natural history of most prostate cancer. The New England Journal of Medicine recently published longer-term results of this trial. Here's our take on how they clarify treatment of early prostate cancer and the case for screening.
Ann Intern Med. 2005;143(3):232-233. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-143-3-200508020-00011
Alain Le, BS
It was the second day of medical school and already we were headed up to the wards to confront our first real patients. With a shaking hand and a similar shake in my voice, I introduced myself as a first-year student. Sitting down in the chair beside my patient, I asked, “So, what brings you to the hospital today?” My inquisition steadily grew as more questions came pouring forth.
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Ann Intern Med. 2005;143(3):I-17. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-143-3-200508020-00001
Ronald T. Ackermann, MD, MPH
Ann Intern Med. 2005;143(3):240. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-143-3-200508020-00023
William H. Salazar, MD
Ann Intern Med. 2005;143(3):240. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-143-3-200508020-00024
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