Brendan Flannery, PhD; Richard T. Heffernan, MPH; Lee H. Harrison, MD; Susan M. Ray, MD; Arthur L. Reingold, MD; James Hadler, MD, MPH; William Schaffner, MD; Ruth Lynfield, MD; Ann R. Thomas, MD, MPH; Jianmin Li, DPE; Michael Campsmith, DDS, MPH; Cynthia G. Whitney, MD, MPH; Anne Schuchat, MD
According to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention surveillance program, introduction of a pediatric conjugate vaccine was associated with an overall decrease in invasive pneumococcal disease among persons with HIV infection. Infection from pneumococcal serotypes contained in the vaccine decreased, and nonvaccine serotypes increased. Vaccinating children against pneumococcal disease protects adults with HIV infection.
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):1-9. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00004
Mary McGrae McDermott, MD; Kiang Liu, PhD; Luigi Ferrucci, MD, PhD; Michael H. Criqui, MD, MPH; Philip Greenland, MD; Jack M. Guralnik, MD, PhD; Lu Tian, ScD; Joseph R. Schneider, MD, PhD; William H. Pearce, MD; Jin Tan, MS; Gary J. Martin, MD
The natural history of symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) involves a decline in physical performance. In this observational study, physical performance of patients who were not in a supervised exercise program declined more slowly if they walked for exercise at least 3 times weekly. These findings may be particularly important for the many patients with PAD who do not have access to an organized walking exercise program.
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):10-20. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00005
Chi-yuan Hsu, MD, MSc; Charles E. McCulloch, PhD; Carlos Iribarren, MD, MPH, PhD; Jeanne Darbinian, MPH; Alan S. Go, MD
In this study of a cohort of patients in a large integrated health care system, people with higher body mass index (BMI) at baseline had a higher incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) even after adjustment for their different baseline blood pressure level and prevalence of diabetes mellitus. The risk for ESRD rose as BMI increased. High BMI is a common, strong, and potentially modifiable risk factor for end-stage renal disease.
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):21-28. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00006
Rebecca S. Lipner, PhD; Wayne H. Bylsma, PhD; Gerald K. Arnold, PhD, MPH; Gregory S. Fortna, MSEd; John Tooker, MD, MBA; Christine K. Cassel, MD
Internists who received initial board certification in 1990 to 1992 were the first whose certification required renewal. This survey asked why they did or did not participate in the American Board of Medical Specialties' Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program. Maintaining professional competence was the commonest reason for participating. Satisfying employment-related requirements was less important. Many general internists did not participate because they no longer practiced internal medicine.
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):29-36. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00007
Anne C. Milne, MSc; Alison Avenell, MD; Jan Potter, MBChB
Randomized trials of oral nutritional supplements show a pattern of greater effect in people older than age 75 years and the undernourished. High-energy supplements given over a long time had more benefit. Current evidence shows little benefit to routine nutritional supplements in people living at home and in well-nourished persons.
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):37-48. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00008
John G. Bartlett, MD
This Update in Infectious Diseases reviews important literature related to infectious diseases from 2004. The year had significant achievements, including substantial progress in the area of antiviral therapy for hepatitis B and C, and introduced several new challenges, perhaps the greatest of which was the threat of avian influenza. The author summarizes the medical reports that guided research in the field in 2004.
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):49-56. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00009
Harold C. Sox, MD, Editor
As the United States slides into a crisis of access to primary care, the results of the American Board of Internal Medicine–American College of Physicians survey, reported by Lipner and colleagues in this issue, provide 3 valuable lessons. First, the number of primary care physicians is falling faster than we had realized. Second, migration between medical specialties is important. Third, we need to pay more attention to tracking career changes of practicing physicians.
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):57-58. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00010
Linda S. Williams, MD
It's Friday at 5:30 p.m. Monday is a holiday. You have just admitted a 75-year-old woman with dysarthria and dysphagia from a lateral medullary stroke. A swallowing study will not be available for more than 72 hours. What should you do about feeding her?
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):59-60. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00011
Troyen A. Brennan, MD
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):62. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00013
James L. Glazer, MD
Humming a tune as I rounded the corner, I plucked a chart from the wall outside room 14. Carol Todd, a woman of 48, had come to see me about “cellulitis of the scalp.” My nurse had scrawled a question mark after her history, and then an exclamation point. I shot a quizzical look into the nurses' pod at her. She rolled her eyes at me and mouthed the words, “You'll see.” I knocked on the door and entered the examination room.
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):61-62. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00012
Joseph Cavanaugh, MD
He said, as he always did, “I'm just feeling old, you know, everything hurts when you get old. Don't ever get old.” It was his joke, the one he brought out every time. Every time he did he shook his head slowly and his smile arched into a grimace. Every time I thought he was going to cry.
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):63-64. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00014
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):65. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00015
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):65. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00016
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):65-66. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00017
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):66-67. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00018
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):67-68. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00019
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):68-71. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00020
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):I-20. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00001
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):I-28. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00002
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):I-36. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00003
Joanne K. Tobacman, MD
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):72. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00021
Raymond R. Townsend, MD
Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(1):72. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-1-200601030-00022
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