Jill P. Buyon, MD; Mimi Y. Kim, ScD; Marta M. Guerra, MS; Carl A. Laskin, MD; Michelle Petri, MD, MPH; Michael D. Lockshin, MD; Lisa Sammaritano, MD; D. Ware Branch, MD; T. Flint Porter, MD, MPH; Allen Sawitzke, MD; Joan T. Merrill, MD; Mary D. Stephenson, MD, MSc; Elisabeth Cohn, BA; Lamya Garabet, MD; Jane E. Salmon, MD
This large multicenter study enrolled a multiethnic cohort of women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with inactive or stable mild/moderate disease during the first trimester of pregnancy. Most pregnancies were uncomplicated, and fewer than 3% of women had severe SLE flares.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):153-163. doi:10.7326/M14-2235
Wendy M. Chung, MD; Jessica C. Smith, MPH; Lauren M. Weil, PhD, MPH; Sonya M. Hughes, MPH; Sibeso N. Joyner, MPH; Emily M. Hall, MPH; Julia Ritch; Divya Srinath, JD, MPH; Edward Goodman, MD; Michelle S. Chevalier, MD, MPH; Lauren Epstein, MD, MSc; Jennifer C. Hunter, DrPH; Alexander J. Kallen, MD, MPH; Mateusz P. Karwowski, MD, MPH; David T. Kuhar, MD; Charnetta Smith, MD; Lyle R. Petersen, MD, MPH; Barbara E. Mahon, MD, MPH; David L. Lakey, MD; Stephanie J. Schrag, DPhil
When a cluster of 3 cases of Ebola virus disease was identified in Dallas, Texas, in September and October 2014, contact tracing and monitoring were labor-intensive and multifaceted and required real-time revision of policies. This article discusses approaches to this disease.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):164-173. doi:10.7326/M15-0968
Jeffrey M. Levsky, MD, PhD; Daniel M. Spevack, MD, MS; Mark I. Travin, MD; Mark A. Menegus, MD; Paul W. Huang, MD; Elana T. Clark, MD; Choo-won Kim, MD; Esther Hirschhorn, BS; Katherine D. Freeman, DrPH; Jonathan N. Tobin, PhD; Linda B. Haramati, MD, MS
Focusing on the number of cardiac catheterizations that did not result in revascularization within 1 year, the investigators found no significant difference between coronary computed tomography angiography and radionuclide stress myocardial perfusion imaging for the evaluation of patients presenting with acute chest pain.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):174-183. doi:10.7326/M14-2948
Lois K. Lee, MD, MPH; Michael C. Monuteaux, ScD; Lindsey C. Burghardt, MD; Eric W. Fleegler, MD, MPH; Lise E. Nigrovic, MD, MPH; William P. Meehan, MD; Sara A. Schutzman, MD; Rebekah Mannix, MD, MPH
Investigators identified motor vehicle crash fatalities between 2001 and 2010 from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System and compared rates in states that had primary seat belt laws (citations can be issued to vehicle occupants for not wearing seat belts) with those that had secondary laws (citations can be issued only within the context of other traffic violations). The findings suggest that primary laws are associated with lower fatality rates.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):184-190. doi:10.7326/M14-2368
James M. Trauer, MBBS; Mary Y. Qian, MBBS; Joseph S. Doyle, PhD; Shantha M.W. Rajaratnam, PhD; David Cunnington, MBBS
This systematic review of 20 randomized trials assessed the effects of face-to-face cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on overnight sleep in adults with chronic insomnia not due to medical or psychiatric disorders. This therapy caused no adverse outcomes and improved sleep outcomes.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):191-204. doi:10.7326/M14-2841
Eric A. Dedert, PhD; Jennifer R. McDuffie, PhD; Roy Stein, MD; J. Murray McNiel, PhD; Andrzej S. Kosinski, PhD; Caroline E. Freiermuth, MD; Adam Hemminger, BA; John W. Williams, Jr., MD, MHSc
The authors reviewed the evidence for efficacy of e-interventions for reducing alcohol consumption and alcohol-related impairment in adults and college students. Evidence suggests that low-intensity e-interventions produce small reductions in alcohol consumption at 6 months, but there is little evidence for longer-term effects.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):205-214. doi:10.7326/M15-0285
Elinore F. McCance-Katz, MD, PhD; Ronald O. Valdiserri, MD, MPH
Faced with the high cost of new curative treatments for HCV infection, Medicaid providers in many states limit access for persons who use drugs or alcohol.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):224-225. doi:10.7326/M15-0007
Lauren A. Canary, MPH; R. Monina Klevens, DDS, MPH; Scott D. Holmberg, MD, MPH
Medicaid programs in most states restrict receipt of curative therapy for HCV infection, including markers of advanced disease, specialist prescribing, and abstinence from alcohol and illicit drugs.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):226-228. doi:10.7326/M15-0320
Jerry Avorn, MD
This commentary discusses why maintaining our current standards for promotional statements from drug manufacturers can keep us from sinking back into a state of poorly founded drug claims and understated risks.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):229-230. doi:10.7326/M15-1429
Soumitri Barua; Robert Greenwald, JD; Jason Grebely, PhD; Gregory J. Dore, MBBS, PhD; Tracy Swan; Lynn E. Taylor, MD
The authors evaluated state Medicaid reimbursement policies for treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in the advent of highly effective, sofosbuvir-based, interferon-free HCV treatments. Results include restrictions to sofosbuvir access based on liver disease staging and co-infection with HIV. State Medicaid policies should be revised to align with national clinical recommendations on use of direct-acting antivirals in persons with HCV infection.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):215-223. doi:10.7326/M15-0406
Deborah Cotton, MD, MPH
Diagnosing chest pain is the topic of this issue's discussion from the Annals archive.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):231. doi:10.7326/M15-1299
Bevra H. Hahn, MD
In this issue, Buyon and colleagues report findings from a large prospective study of pregnancy outcomes in ethnically diverse women with SLE. The editorialist discusses the study and concludes that the findings can help guide clinicians counseling patients with SLE who are contemplating pregnancy or are already pregnant.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):232-233. doi:10.7326/M15-1301
Grant T. Baldwin, PhD, MPH; Debra Houry, MD, MPH
In this issue, Lee and colleagues document a reduction in motor vehicle fatalities in states with primary seat belt laws compared with states with secondary laws. The editorialists discuss how expansion of primary laws and other interventions can increase the number of injuries prevented and lives saved by seat belts.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):234-235. doi:10.7326/M15-1278
Charles M. Morin, PhD
In this issue, Trauer and colleagues report findings from a systematic review and meta-analysis of 20 randomized, controlled trials evaluating the efficacy of CBT for insomnia. The editorialist discusses the importance of not only additional research on therapeutic options but also public education campaigns to promote healthy sleep practices.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):236-237. doi:10.7326/M15-1246
Christos Theophanous, BA
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):238-239. doi:10.7326/M15-0195
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):240. doi:10.7326/L15-5116
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):240-241. doi:10.7326/L15-5116-2
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):241. doi:10.7326/L15-5118
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):241-242. doi:10.7326/L15-5118-2
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):242-243. doi:10.7326/L15-5118-3
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):243. doi:10.7326/L15-5119
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):243. doi:10.7326/L15-5119-2
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):243-244. doi:10.7326/L15-5120
Dan A. Henry, MD
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):ITC1. doi:10.7326/AITC201508040
Sharon Rosenzweig, BFA, MFA
Annals Graphic Medicine brings together original graphic narratives, comics, animation/video, and other creative forms by those who provide or receive health care. They address medically relevant topics—whether they be poignant, thought-provoking, or just plain entertaining.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):W135-W139. doi:10.7326/G14-0003
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):I-23. doi:10.7326/P15-9024
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):I-33. doi:10.7326/P15-9025
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