Hugh MacPherson, BSc, PhD; Helen Tilbrook, BSc, MSc; Stewart Richmond, BSc, MSc, PhD; Julia Woodman, BSc, PhD; Kathleen Ballard, BSc, PhD; Karl Atkin, BA, DPhil; Martin Bland, BSc, PhD; Janet Eldred, BA, PhD; Holly Essex, MSc, PhD; Catherine Hewitt, BSc, MSc, PhD; Ann Hopton, RGN, BSc, MSc; Ada Keding, BSc, MSc; Harriet Lansdown, MSc; Steve Parrott, BSc, MSc; David Torgerson, MSc, PhD; Aniela Wenham, PhD; Ian Watt, BSc, MB, ChB, MPH
Patients with chronic neck pain often use complementary health care strategies, such as acupuncture or the Alexander Technique, for treatment of their symptoms. In this randomized, controlled trial, the long-term clinical effectiveness of acupuncture or the Alexander Technique was compared with usual care for patients with chronic neck pain.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):653-662. doi:10.7326/M15-0667
Shuo-Ming Ou, MD; Chia-Jen Shih, MD; Pei-Wen Chao, MD; Hsi Chu, MD; Shu-Chen Kuo, MD, PhD; Yi-Jung Lee, MD; Shuu-Jiun Wang, MD; Chih-Yu Yang, MD, PhD; Chih-Ching Lin, MD, PhD; Tzeng-Ji Chen, MD, PhD; Der-Cherng Tarng, MD, PhD; Szu-Yuan Li, MD, PhD; Yung-Tai Chen, MD
In a large observational database study of add-on treatments to metformin, the addition of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors was associated with a lower risk for all-cause mortality, stroke, and hypoglycemia than use of sulfonylureas. In contrast to prior studies, there was no increased risk for myocardial infarction or hospitalization for heart failure with DPP-4 inhibitor use.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):663-672. doi:10.7326/M15-0308
Oluwaseun Falade-Nwulia, MD, MPH; Eric C. Seaberg, PhD; Anna E. Snider; Charles R. Rinaldo, PhD; John Phair, MD; Mallory D. Witt, MD; Chloe L. Thio, MD
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. In this observational study, rates of incident HBV infection were compared according to demographic and behavioral variables, HIV status, achievement of viral suppression during receipt of highly active antiretroviral therapy, and receipt of HBV vaccine among MSM.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):673-680. doi:10.7326/M15-0547
Prachi Sanghavi, PhD; Anupam B. Jena, MD, PhD; Joseph P. Newhouse, PhD; Alan M. Zaslavsky, PhD
Although advanced life support is used preferentially for emergency medical transportation, whether outcomes are better with basic life support is not known. To compare short- and long-term survival rates and neurologic functioning, the authors assessed outcomes among patients transported emergently for any of several common diagnoses by advanced and basic life support ambulances.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):681-690. doi:10.7326/M15-0557
Daichi Shimbo, MD; Marwah Abdalla, MD; Louise Falzon; Raymond R. Townsend, MD; Paul Muntner, PhD
This review describes ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) and home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM), the blood pressure phenotypic measurements that can be ascertained, and the evidence that supports the use of each approach. It also describes barriers to the successful implementation of ABPM and HBPM in clinical practice, proposes core competencies for the conduct of these procedures, and highlights important areas for future research.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):691-700. doi:10.7326/M15-1270
Ali S. Raja, MD; Jeffrey O. Greenberg, MD; Amir Qaseem, MD, PhD, MHA; Thomas D. Denberg, MD, PhD; Nick Fitterman, MD; Jeremiah D. Schuur, MD, MHS; for the Clinical Guidelines Committee of the American College of Physicians
Testing patients with suspected acute pulmonary embolism has risen drastically. However, overuse of some tests may not improve care and may lead to patient harm and unnecessary expense. This Best Practice Advice report from the American College of Physicians presents an evidence-based and high-value diagnostic strategy for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):701-711. doi:10.7326/M14-1772
Lindsay M. Jaacks, PhD; Mohammed K. Ali, MBChB, MSc, MBA; John Bartlett, MD; Gerald S. Bloomfield, MD, MPH; William Checkley, MD; Thomas A. Gaziano, MD, MSc; Douglas C. Heimburger, MD, MS; Sandeep P. Kishore, MD, PhD; Racquel E. Kohler, PhD, MSPH; Kasia J. Lipska, MD, MHS; Olivia Manders, MA; Christine Ngaruiya, MD, DTM&H; Robert Peck, MD, MS; Melissa Burroughs Pena, MD, MS; David A. Watkins, MD, MPH; Karen R. Siegel, PhD, MPH; K.M. Venkat Narayan, MD, MSc, MBA
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are among the leading causes of death and disability throughout the world. In September 2014, U.S. researchers met to discuss the challenges and opportunities in conducting global NCD research. This essay summarizes 4 strategies for moving forward on a global NCD research agenda.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):712-714. doi:10.7326/M15-1068
Jonathan Purtle, DrPH, MSc; John A. Rich, MD, MPH; Joel A. Fein, MD, MPH; Thea James, MD; Theodore J. Corbin, MD, MPP
Violently injured patients are at risk for reinjury, violence perpetration, and posttraumatic stress. The authors describe the organizational components of multidimensional, hospital-based violence intervention programs; evidence of the success of such initiatives; and how the Affordable Care Act may affect them.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):715-717. doi:10.7326/M15-0586
Deborah Cotton, MD, MPH
Emergency response and life support are the topics of this issue's discussion from the Annals archive.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):718. doi:10.7326/M15-2092
Richard J. Comi, MD
In this issue, Ou and colleagues examine a well-defined and clinically relevant decision: whether to add medication to metformin in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. The editorialist discusses the strengths and limitations of the study and how it can inform physician–patient discussions about diabetes therapy.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):719-720. doi:10.7326/M15-2179
Comilla Sasson, MD, PhD; Jason S. Haukoos, MD, MSc
In this issue, Sanghavi and colleagues used national data to compare patient outcomes associated with the dispatch of advanced versus basic life support after a 911 call for a medical emergency. The editorialists argue that the results indicate the need to further evaluate how to best target advanced life support services.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):721-722. doi:10.7326/M15-2192
Hannah Breit, BA
When I received the call telling me that I had cancer, the stages of grief hit me all at once. I cycled through these stages at the speed of light, over and over, until I finally surrendered.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):723-724. doi:10.7326/M15-0932
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):725. doi:10.7326/L15-5152
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):725-726. doi:10.7326/L15-5152-2
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):726. doi:10.7326/L15-5153
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):726-727. doi:10.7326/L15-5153-2
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):727. doi:10.7326/L15-5154
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):727-728. doi:10.7326/L15-5154-2
Jack Coulehan, MD, MPH
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):717. doi:10.7326/M15-1469
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):720. doi:10.7326/M15-1355
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):ITC1. doi:10.7326/AITC201511030
Catherine H.Y. Yu, MD; Julie H.Y. Man, MSc
Annals Graphic Medicine brings together original graphic narratives, comics, animation/video, and other creative forms by those who provide or receive health care. They address medically relevant topics##mdash;whether they be poignant, thought-provoking, or just plain entertaining.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):GM1. doi:10.7326/G15-0002
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):I-30. doi:10.7326/P15-9033
Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(9):I-34. doi:10.7326/P15-9034
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