Nancy A. Rigotti, MD; Yuchiao Chang, PhD; Hilary A. Tindle, MD, MPH; Sara M. Kalkhoran, MD, MAS; Douglas E. Levy, PhD; Susan Regan, PhD; Jennifer H.K. Kelley, RN, MA; Esa M. Davis, MD, MPH; Daniel E. Singer, MD
Although many smokers report using e-cigarettes to help them quit smoking, whether e-cigarettes aid cessation efforts is uncertain. This study examines whether e-cigarette use after hospital discharge by smokers who plan to quit and are advised to use evidence-based treatment is associated with subsequent tobacco abstinence.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):613-620. doi:10.7326/M17-2048
David P. Durham, PhD; Meagan C. Fitzpatrick, PhD; Martial L. Ndeffo-Mbah, PhD; Alyssa S. Parpia, MPH; Nelson L. Michael, MD, PhD; Alison P. Galvani, PhD
Prenatal Zika virus infection has devastating consequences, and many vaccine candidates are under active development. To determine how best to prioritize populations for receipt of Zika vaccines, the authors developed a compartmental model that incorporated estimates of mosquito and human transmission, population susceptibility, age-specific fertility, and vaccine efficacy.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):621-630. doi:10.7326/M17-0641
Neel M. Butala, MD, MBA; Daniel B. Kramer, MD, MPH; Changyu Shen, PhD; Jordan B. Strom, MD; Kevin F. Kennedy, MS; Yun Wang, PhD; Linda R. Valsdottir, MS; Jason H. Wasfy, MD, MPhil, MS; Robert W. Yeh, MD, MSc
Recently, hospitals have received financial penalties based on the 30-day readmission rates among Medicare patients discharged for specific conditions (namely heart failure [HF], acute myocardial infarction [AMI], and pneumonia). This study examined whether the 30-day Medicare readmission rates for these conditions reflect the readmission rates for Medicare patients who were hospitalized for other conditions or for non-Medicare patients after a hospitalization for HF, AMI, or pneumonia.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):631-639. doi:10.7326/M17-1492
James J. Chamberlain, MD; Eric L. Johnson, MD; Sandra Leal, PharmD, MPH, CDE; Andrew S. Rhinehart, MD, CDE; Jay H. Shubrook, DO; Lacie Peterson, MS, RD, CDE
This synopsis of the 2018 American Diabetes Association Standards of Medical Care focuses on guidance relating to cardiovascular disease and risk management in nonpregnant adults with diabetes. Recommendations address diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension and dyslipidemia), aspirin use, screening for and treatment of coronary heart disease, and lifestyle interventions.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):640-650. doi:10.7326/M18-0222
Matthew DeCamp, MD, PhD; Lisa Soleymani Lehmann, MD, PhD; Pooja Jaeel, MD; Carrie Horwitch, MD, MPH; for the ACP Ethics, Professionalism and Human Rights Committee
Short-term experiences in global health (STEGHs) may help improve the health and well-being of the individuals and communities where they occur and may also benefit participating physicians. This position paper from the American College of Physicians addresses the obligations of physicians planning to participate in STEGHs and the ethical challenges associated with them.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):651-657. doi:10.7326/M17-3361
Nancy A. Rigotti, MD
E-cigarettes have the potential for benefit if they help smokers quit, but this must be balanced against potential harm. This commentary discusses the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine report on the public health consequences of e-cigarettes and provides advice on how to counsel patients who ask about them.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):666-667. doi:10.7326/M18-0251
Richard Kahn, PhD
To protect public health, the government may mandate placement of warnings on products that it believes cause health risks. However, as a recent legal case demonstrates, such mandates require fulfillment of specific standards for compelled speech.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):668-669. doi:10.7326/M17-2659
Abigail M. Judge, PhD; Jennifer A. Murphy, PhD; Jose Hidalgo, MD; Wendy Macias-Konstantopoulos, MD, MPH
Victims of human trafficking often interact with the health care system; however, they encounter barriers that may challenge engagement and retention and prevent positive outcomes. This article discusses the barriers to engagement, offers evidence- and practice-based recommendations for overcoming these barriers, and calls for new models of care to better serve this vulnerable patient population.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):658-663. doi:10.7326/M17-2605
Rohan Khera, MD; Leora I. Horwitz, MD, MHS; Zhenqiu Lin, PhD; Harlan M. Krumholz, MD, SM
The editorialists discuss Butala and colleagues' findings on whether a hospital's performance on the 3 Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program conditions reflects readmission rates for other conditions or for insurance groups other than Medicare. They also discuss the need to evaluate and improve current readmission measures and policies.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):670-671. doi:10.7326/M18-0536
Carey Farquhar, MD, MPH; Ruth W. Nduati, MBChB, MMed, MPH; Judith N. Wasserheit, MD, MPH
This issue includes the American College of Physicians ethics recommendations for physicians considering participation in short-term global health experiences. The editorialists commend the effort and identify additional issues that are pertinent to the ethics of such experiences and valuable to the host locations.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):672-673. doi:10.7326/M18-0566
Arianne M. Lachapelle Henry, BA; Michael A. Grodin, MD
In their article, Judge and colleagues analyzed the nature, scope, and challenges associated with caring for victims of human trafficking. The editorialists discuss the report and the need for empirical evidence to define how best to care for this vulnerable population.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):674-675. doi:10.7326/M18-0357
Anne L. Peters, MD
I differ slightly from the others who have come forward in the #MeToo movement because, as a physician, I am legally unable to name the patient who harassed me.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):676-677. doi:10.7326/M18-0271
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):678. doi:10.7326/L17-0612
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):678-680. doi:10.7326/L17-0613
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):680-681. doi:10.7326/L18-0007
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):681-682. doi:10.7326/L18-0008
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):682. doi:10.7326/L18-0013
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):682-683. doi:10.7326/L18-0014
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):683. doi:10.7326/L18-0018
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):683. doi:10.7326/L18-0019
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):683-684. doi:10.7326/L18-0020
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):684. doi:10.7326/L18-0154
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):684. doi:10.7326/L18-0179
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):630. doi:10.7326/M17-2197
Sophia M. Swanson, MD; Lisa L. Strate, MD, MPH
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):ITC65-ITC80. doi:10.7326/AITC201805010
Darren B. Taichman, MD, PhD
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):ED9. doi:10.7326/AFED201805010
Jade R. Blue, BA(Hons)
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):W21-W23. doi:10.7326/G17-0015
Ann Intern Med. 2018;168(9):I-24. doi:10.7326/P18-0004
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