Richard Kahn, PhD
To protect public health, the government may mandate the placement of warnings on products that it believes pose health risks. However, as a recent legal case demonstrates, such mandates require fulfillment of specific standards for compelled speech.
Nancy A. Rigotti, MD
Electronic cigarettes present a conundrum. They have the potential for benefit if they help smokers quit, but this must be balanced against potential harm if e-cigarettes entice youths who would otherwise not have become cigarette smokers to try e-cigarettes, then become addicted to nicotine and switch to combustible cigarettes. This commentary discusses the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine report Public Health Consequences of E-Cigarettes and provides advice on how to counsel patients who ask about e-cigarettes.
Canqing Yu, PhD; Haijing Tang, PhD; Yu Guo, MSc; Zheng Bian, MSc; Ling Yang, PhD; Yiping Chen, DPhil; Aiyu Tang, MD; Xue Zhou, PhD; Xu Yang, PhD; Junshi Chen, MD; Zhengming Chen, DPhil; Jun Lv, PhD; Liming Li, MD, MPH; on behalf of the China Kadoorie Biobank Collaborative Group
Although some studies have suggested that the temperature at which tea is consumed may be a risk factor for esophageal cancer, previous analyses did not adequately adjust for patterns of smoking and alcohol use. This large population-based study simultaneously adjusted for tea temperature, smoking, and alcohol consumption to assess their associations with esophageal cancer.
Jessie M. Gaeta, MD; Melanie Racine, MPH
With the explosion of highly potent fentanyl and its analogues in the illicit drug supply, overdose fatalities are occurring with alarming frequency and speed, leaving little time for first responders to find and resuscitate victims. Supervised injection facilities can help combat this problem. In addition to other benefits, these facilities offer sterile equipment and a hygienic environment for medically supervised drug injection.
Farin Kamangar, MD, PhD; Neal D. Freedman, PhD, MPH
In their current Annals report, Yu and colleagues show that drinking high-temperature tea, when combined with tobacco or alcohol use, is associated with an increased risk for esophageal cancer. The editorialists discuss these findings in light of what is known about thermal irritation and cancer.
A. Russell Localio, PhD; Steven N. Goodman, MD, PhD; Anne Meibohm, PhD; John E. Cornell, PhD; Catharine B. Stack, PhD; Eric A. Ross, PhD, ScM; Cynthia D. Mulrow, MD, MSc
Assel and Vickers report the shortcomings of statistical code supporting research reports in high-impact medical journals. In this editorial, Annals' statistical editors argue that clearly presented and transparently reported statistical code is a sine qua non for reproducible research. They describe the attributes of code that communicates clearly to readers the path that researchers took to arrive at their findings.
Steven M. Teutsch, MD, MPH; Timothy S. Naimi, MD, MPH
Despite decades of progress, more than 10 000 alcohol-related driving fatalities occur each year. To identify ways of reinvigorating efforts to stem these tragic events, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to form a committee to do a rigorous study of the problem and make recommendations. This commentary highlights the recommendations.
Recently, it was reported that Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) staff were advised to avoid using the following 7 words in budget documents: “vulnerable,” “entitlement,” “diversity,” “transgender,” “fetus,” “evidence-based,” and “science-based.” This commentary discusses the implications of such censorship on the work and credibility of the CDC and other U.S. government health organizations.
Through mergers and acquisitions, health care organizations are making large bets about the future of the U.S. medical landscape and the types of organizations that can ultimately succeed in it. There's been a recent uptick in vertical integration, such as hospitals buying physician practices and insurers buying providers. This commentary discusses the recently announced merger of CVS and Aetna and whether it will benefit consumers.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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