Hojat, M, Vergare, MD, Maxwell K, et al. Academic Medicine 84(9) The Devil is in the Third Year: A Longitudinal Study of Erosion of Empathy in Medical School, Sept.
09, pp. 1182-1191
Coulehan J. Today's professionalism: engaging the mind but not the heart.
Academic Medicine. 2005;80:892-898.
Ludmerer KM. Instilling professionalism in medical education. Journal of the
American Medical Association. 1999;282:881-882.
Wynia MK, Latham SR, Kao AC, Berg JW, Emanuel LL. Medical
professionalism in society. New England Journal of Medicine. 1999;341:1612-
LaCombe MA. American Journal of Medicine 94 (3): On Professionalism p. 329, March 93
LaCombe, MA. Annals of Internal Medicine 126(3) On Bedside Teaching p. 217, 1 Feb 97
Newton BW, Barber L, Clardy J, C leveland E, O'Sullivan P. Is there a hardening
of the heart during medical school? Academic Medicine. 2008;83:244-249.
Association of American Medical Colleges, National Board of Medical
Examiners. Embedding professionalism in medical education: assessment as a
tool for implementation. Baltimore, MD 2003.
Leo T, Eagen K. Professional education: the medical student response.
Perspectives in Biology and Medicine. 2008;51:508-516.
Brainard AH, Brislen HC. Learning professionalism: a view from the trenches.
Academic Medicine. 2007;82:1010-1014.
Wear D, Kuczewksi MG. The professionalism movement: can we pause?
American Journal of Bioethics. 2004;4:1-10.
Wear D, Zarconi J. Can compassion be taught? Let's ask our students. Journal of
General Internal Medicine. 2007;23:948-953.
Veatch RM, Miller FG. The internal morality of medicine: an introduction.
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 2001;26:555-557.
Feudtner C, Christakis DM, Christakis NA. Do clinical clerks suffer ethical
erosion? Students' perceptions of their ethical environment and personal
development. Academic Medicine. 1994;69:670-679.
Testerman JK, Morton KR, Loo LK, etal. The natural history of cynicism in
physicians. Academic Medicine. 1996;71:S43-S45.
Rothman DJ. Academic health centers and financial conflicts of interest. Journal
of the American Medical Association. 2008;299:695-697.
Kinghorn WA, McEvoy MD, Michel A, Balboni M. Professionalism in modern
medicine: does the emperor have any clothes? Academic Medicine. 2007;82:40-45.
Leach DC. Professionalism: the formation of physicians. American Journal of
Hafferty FW. Beyond curriculum reform: confronting medicine's hidden
curriculum. Academic Medicine. 1998;73:403-407.
Stern DT. Practicing what we preach? An analysis of the curriculum of values in
medical education. American Journal of Medicine. 1998;104:569-575.
Inui TM. A flag in the wind: educating for professionalism in medicine.
Washington, DC: Association of American Medical Colleges; 2003.
Wilkes MS, Slavin SJ, Usatine R. Doctoring: a longitudinal generalist curriculum.
Academic Medicine. 1994;69:191-193.
Bourgeosis JA, Ton H, Onate J, etal. The doctoring curriculum at the University of California, Davis School of Medicine: leadership and participant roles for
psychiatry faculty. Academic Psychiatry. 2008;32:249-254.
Pellegrino ED, Thomasma DC. The virtues in medical practice. New York:
Oxford University Press; 1993.
Pellegrino ED. The commodification
of medical and health care: the moral
consequences of a paradigm shift from a
professional to a market ethic. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy.
Pellegrino ED. Professionalism, profession, and the virtues of the good physician.
Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine. 2002;69:378-384.
CanMEDS Physician Competency Framework