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Pneumococcal Vaccine Efficacy in Selected Populations in the United States

GAIL BOLAN, M. D.; CLAIRE V. BROOME, M.D.; RICHARD R. FACKLAM, Ph.D; BRIAN D. PLIKAYTIS, M.S.; DAVID W. FRASER, M.D.; and WALTER F. SCHLECH III, M.D.
[+] Article and Author Information

▸Reprint requests should be addressed to Gail Bolan, M.D.; Division of Bacterial Diseases, CID; Centers for Disease Control; Atlanta, GA 30333.


Atlanta, Georgia; Swarthmore, Pennsylvania; and Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada


© 1986 American College of PhysiciansAmerican College of Physicians


Ann Intern Med. 1986;104(1):1-6. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-104-1-1
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The efficacy of pneumococcal vaccine in groups of patients in the United States at high risk for pneumococcal disease was estimated by comparing distributions of serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from vaccinated and unvaccinated persons. Between May 1978 and March 1984, 187 blood isolates and 62 cerebrospinal fluid isolates from vaccinated patients, and 1447 blood isolates and 191 cerebrospinal fluid isolates from unvaccinated patients were serotyped at the Centers for Disease Control. The study did not include patients who were less than 2 years old or who had Hodgkin's disease, multiple myeloma, or immunoglobulin deficiency. In patients with bacteremic disease, the overall efficacy of pneumococcal vaccine was estimated at 64% (95% confidence limits, 47% to 76%); efficacy did not differ significantly with age. In persons over 65 years of age with diabetes mellitus, chronic heart disease, pulmonary disease, or no underlying illnesses, efficacy was 61% (95% confidence limits, 1% to 85%). These findings support the use of pneumococcal vaccine in selected populations in the United States.

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