In 2011, approximately 680,000 children were confirmed victims of child maltreatment and approximately 1,570 died of maltreatment. Child maltreatment refers to physical or psychological abuse or neglect. Harmful outcomes of child maltreatment include physical injury, long-term medical and psychological problems, and death. When the USPSTF last issued recommendations on screening for family violence in 2004, it was unclear whether doctors should screen for child maltreatment or other types of family violence as part of routine health care. Screening is looking for a condition in patients who have no signs or symptoms of that condition. The USPSTF wanted to update the recommendations on the basis of information that has become available since 2004.