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Inhaled Long-Acting β-Agonists Versus Anticholinergics in Older Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Leonardo M. Fabbri, MD; Claus Vogelmeier, MD; and Klaus F. Rabe, MD
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From University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, 41124 Modena, Italy; Hospital of the Universities of Giessen and Marburg, 35043 Marburg, Germany; and Hospital Grosshansdorf, 22927 Grosshansdorf, Germany.


Potential Conflicts of Interest: Dr. Fabbri has received consultancy fees from Actelion, AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, Chiesi Farmaceutici, GlaxoSmithKline, Elevation Pharmaceuticals, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Novartis, Nycomed, Pearl Therapeutics, Roche, and Sigma-Tau and payment for lectures and support for travel expenses from AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, Chiesi Farmaceutici, EUROMEDIFORM, GlaxoSmithKline, German Centre for Lung Research, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Menarini, Mundipharma International, Novartis, Nycomed, TEVA Pharmaceuticals, Pfizer, and Sigma-Tau. His institution has received grants from Boehringer Ingelheim, Chiesi Farmaceutici, GlaxoSmithKline, Italian Ministry of Health, Italian Ministry for University and Research, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Nycomed, and Sigma-Tau. Dr. Vogelmeier has received consulting fees or honoraria and support for travel to meetings from Boehringer Ingelheim; is a board member for AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, GlaxoSmithKline, Mundipharma, Novartis, and Nycomed; and has received fees for expert testimony and grants from Talecris and payment for lectures or speaking from AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, GlaxoSmithKline, Janssen-Cilag, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Novartis, Nycomed, and Talecris. Dr. Rabe has received consultancy fees and honoraria from, and is a board member for, AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, Chiesi Farmaceutici, GlaxoSmithKline, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Novartis, Nycomed, and Pfizer and has received grants from Altana, AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, GlaxoSmithKline, Novartis, and Roche.


Ann Intern Med. 2011;155(8):561. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-155-8-201110180-00018
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