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A New Esophageal and Cardiospasm Dilator

Ann Intern Med. 1931;4(8):990-996. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-4-8-990
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Cardiospasm has been defined as a spasm of the musculature of the cardia or epicardia sufficient to cause either partial or complete obstruction to the passage of food from the esophagus into the stomach. The subject of the treatment of this condition has occupied the attention of clinicians throughout the world, and the only effectual results were obtained by a series of intermittent dilatations by means of rubber balloon dilators operated by hydrostatic or pneumatic pressure. Some, particularly Starck1 and Schreiber2, have preferred using mechanical divulsors, inserted through the esophagoscope, under the guidance of the eye and the sense of


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