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External Cardiac Massage for Cardiac Arrest Due to Myocardial Infarction: A Changing Concept.

William F. Minogue, M.D.; William J. Grace, M.D., F.A.C.P.; and Andre Smessart, M.D.
Ann Intern Med. 1964;60(2_Part_1):320. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-60-2-320_2
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A vigorous approach to cardiac resuscitation has been made possible by the simplicity and effectiveness of external cardiac massage.

A highly trained, immediately available team of anesthesiologists, internists, and surgeons rapidly provides an open airway, maintenance of cardiac output by external cardiac massage, use of appropriate drugs for arrhythmia, and defibrilate the ventricles where necessary.

This emergency team has attempted resuscitation in 51 patients with acute myocardial infarction and cardiac arrest.

Sixteen patients (31%) were successfully resuscitated but seven expired within the first 48 hours. Nine patients (18%) who recovered, had uneventful hospital courses and were well 1 month to


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