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Hemodialysis for Chronic Renal Failure

J. R. E.
Ann Intern Med. 1965;62(3):621-623. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-62-3-621
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In 1943, in the Netherlands, under the harsh circumstances of the German occupation, the first practical treatment of a patient with an artificial kidney was performed by a young Dutch physician named Willem Johan Kolff. Although extracorporeal hemodialysis had been conceived as early as 1913 by Abel, Rowntree, and Turner, and had been worked on experimentally by others, it remained for Dr. Kolff 30 years later to put together such a dialyzer and to treat a series of uremic patients. From his work has stemmed the dialyzing programs that today are being carried out the world over. Truly, Willem Kolff


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