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The Disappearance of Ascites in Alcoholic Cirrhosis with the Development of the Cruveilhier-Baumgarten Syndrome

Ann Intern Med. 1965;62(5):1045-1049. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-62-5-1045
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In 1833, Pegot (1) presented a case of an alcoholic soldier with distended superficial abdominal wall veins over which could be heard a venous hum, who at autopsy proved to have a large persistent umbilical vein. As a result of the subsequent description of similar cases by Cruveilhier (2) in 1835 and von Baumgarten (3) in 1908, this syndrome has come to be known as the Cruveilhier-Baumgarten syndrome. Although patency of the umbilical veins was originally thought to be the primary anomaly, with atrophy of the liver a consequence (2), portal hypertension secondary either to liver disease or hepatic venous


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