0

The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Articles |

Diagnostic Sensitivity of Laboratory Findings in Acute Pulmonary Embolism

MURRILL M. SZUCS JR., M.D.; HAROLD L. BROOKS, M.D.; WILLIAM GROSSMAN, M.D.; JOHN S. BANAS JR., M.D.; STEVEN G. MEISTER, M.D.; LEWIS DEXTER, M.D., F.A.C.P.; and JAMES E. DALEN, M.D.
[+] Article and Author Information

▸Requests for reprints should be addressed to James E. Dalen, M.D., Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, Boston, Mass. 02115


Boston, Massachusetts


Ann Intern Med. 1971;74(2):161-166. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-74-2-161
Text Size: A A A

Many different laboratory tests have been used to screen patients for pulmonary embolism. The sensitivity of certain laboratory tests was assessed in a prospective study of 50 patients with angiographically documented acute pulmonary embolism. Electrocardiographic evidence of right heart strain occurred in only nine patients; each had massive pulmonary embolism. Nonspecific chest X-ray abnormalities (infiltrate, effusion, or elevated diaphragm) occurred in 71%; 29% had a normal chest X ray. Lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) was increased in 83% of the patients, but serum glutamic-oxalacetic transaminase (SGOT) and bilirubin were of little value. The triad of increased LDH, normal SGOT, and increased bilirubin occurred in only 12%. Lung scans performed in 24 patients were abnormal. Arterial Po2 (breathing room air) was decreased (≤ 80 mm Hg) in all 36 patients tested. Arterial Po2 and lung scan are the most sensitive tests for screening; if either is normal, acute pulmonary embolism is essentially excluded.

Figures

Tables

References

Letters

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Comments

Submit a Comment
Submit a Comment

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.

Toolkit

Buy Now

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Advertisement
Related Articles
Related Point of Care
Topic Collections
PubMed Articles
Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.
(Required)
(Required)