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Planning for the Future in Chronic Kidney Disease

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National Institute of Arthritis and Metabolic Diseases, National Institutes of HealthBethesda, Md.*

Ann Intern Med. 1971;75(6):965-966. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-75-6-965
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During the last decade and a half, two dramatic therapies for irreversible kidney failure have come to maturity: hemodialysis with artificial kidneys and renal transplantation. Both were experimental at first and are not yet regarded as fully optimal methods, but they are probably here to stay. During 1970 in the United States approximately 1,100 new patients were placed on chronic intermittent dialysis (1) and over 900 renal transplant operations were carried out (2). Thus the clandestine experimentation in occupied Holland during World War II by Dr. Willem Kolff and the heroic surgical undertaking with twins in Boston in 1953 by


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