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End of Routine Smallpox Vaccination in Childhood

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Center for Disease Control, Atlanta, Ga.

Ann Intern Med. 1972;76(2):324-325. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-76-2-324
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This excerpt has been provided in the absence of an abstract.

In October 1971 the United States Public Health Service recommended the cessation of routine childhood smallpox vaccination. This decision was reached after several years of study and was based on a number of considerations.

The World Health Organization's global smallpox eradication program has been highly successful and is expected to reach its objective of a smallpox-free world by 1976. Only eight countries still remain endemic for smallpox, and several of the eight are currently reaching a smallpox-free state.

Largely because of the dramatic decrease in smallpox-endemic areas, the likelihood that smallpox will be imported to the United States has decreased


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