The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
History of Medicine |

Plague in San Francisco in 1900: The United States Marine Hospital Service Commission To Study the Existence of Plague in San Francisco

[+] Article, Author, and Disclosure Information

▸Requests for reprints should be addressed to Loren G. Lipson, M.D., Laboratory of Chemical Biology, National Institute of Arthritis and Metabolic Diseases, Bldg. 10, Rm. 9N-317, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md. 20014.

Baltimore, Maryland

Ann Intern Med. 1972;77(2):303-310. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-77-2-303
Text Size: A A A

Bubonic plague, the feared Black Death of the Middle Ages, probably came to the United States in 1900 by way of the port of San Francisco. The controversy that ensued concerning the actual existence of this disease led to one of the most scandalous episodes in the history of American public health and involved everyone from the President of the United States to the individual resident of San Francisco. The incident necessitated the formation of a special commission to ascertain if plague existed and brought out racial prejudice in high government office. It placed the state governor and special interest groups against the public health authorities. The initial failure to take action against the plague may have led to dissemination of this disease in the West. Out of this episode came a strong state department of public health and an increased public awareness of the dangers of communicable diseases.







Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).


Submit a Comment/Letter
Submit a Comment/Letter

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.


Buy Now for $42.00

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Related Articles
Topic Collections
PubMed Articles
Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.