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Diagnosis and Treatment |

Therapy of Fluid and Electrolyte Disorders

ROBERT D. LINDEMAN, M.D., F.A.C.P.; and SOLOMON PAPPER, M.D., F.A.C.P.
[+] Article and Author Information

▸Requests for reprints should be addressed to Robert D. Lindeman, M.D., Oklahoma City Veterans Administration Hospital, 921 NE 13th St., Oklahoma City, OK 73104.


Oklahoma City, Oklahoma


Ann Intern Med. 1975;82(1):64-70. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-82-1-64
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The accurate clinical assessment of the individual patient's condition is the first, and often the most difficult, step in successful management of most electrolyte or acid-base disturbances. A number of electrolyte solutions are available to replace deficits of sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium. Removal of excess electrolyte generally requires a different therapeutic approach employing such measures as use of physiologic antagonists, agents that decrease intestinal or renal tubular absorption, resin exchangers, chelating agents, and dialysis.

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