The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Articles |

Acute Renal Failure Due to Nontraumatic Rhabdomyolysis

[+] Article, Author, and Disclosure Information

▸Requests for reprints should be addressed to Shaul G. Massry, M.D.; Division of Nephrology, University of Southern California School of Medicine, 2025 Zonal Ave.; Los Angeles, CA 90033.

Los Angeles, California

Ann Intern Med. 1976;85(1):23-28. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-85-1-23
Text Size: A A A

Twenty-one patients developed acute renal failure in association with nontraumatic rhabdomyolysis and myoglobinuria. The illness followed an overdose of ethanol, heroin, or other depressant drugs in 18 patients. Lethargy or coma was present in 17 patients and muscle swelling in 11. Evidence of rhabdomyolysis included markedly elevated creatine phosphokinase, myoglobinuria, and aldolase in blood. Initial biochemical findings were similar to those of acute renal failure due to other causes, but the abnormalities were exaggerated. There was a disproportionate rise in serum creatinine concentration in relation to serum urea nitrogen concentration. Profound hyperuricemia was present in most patients. Transient hypercalcemia developed during the diuretic phase in 5 patients. One patient died. We conclude that nontraumatic myoglobinuria with acute renal failure is not infrequent and may occur after an overdose of ethanol or heroin. The disease has good prognosis despite severe hypercatabolism and untreated profound hyperuricemia.





Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).


Submit a Comment
Submit a Comment

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.


Buy Now

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Related Articles
Topic Collections
PubMed Articles
Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.