0

The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Brief Reports |

Drinking Water Hardness and Urolithiasis

DAVID CHURCHILL, M.D., F.R.C.P.(C); DAVID BRYANT, Ph.D.; GEORGE FODOR, M.D., Ph.D.; and MATTHEW HENRY GAULT, M.D., F.R.C.P.(C), F.A.C.P.
[+] Article and Author Information

Grant support: Kidney Foundation of Canada.


Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland; St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada


Ann Intern Med. 1978;88(4):513-514. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-88-4-513
Text Size: A A A
This excerpt has been provided in the absence of an abstract.

Urolithiasis was the discharge diagnosis for 7.1 per 1000 general hospital separations between 1948 and 1952 in the United States (1). In 1952, 9.5 per 10 000 population required hospitalization for urolithiasis. The incidence ranged from 19.3 per 10 000 in South Carolina to 4.3 per 10 000 in Missouri.

We have examined the relation of drinking water hardness to the incidence of urolithiasis in the United States.

Urolithiasis admissions per 1000 general hospital separations for 46 states from 1948 through 1952 and per 10 000 population for 45 states in 1952 was reported by Boyce and associates (1). Schroeder

...

Topics

urolithiasis

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

Letters

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Comments

Submit a Comment
Submit a Comment

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.

Toolkit

Buy Now

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Advertisement
Related Articles
Topic Collections
PubMed Articles
Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.
(Required)
(Required)