0

The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Articles |

Effects of Smoking Marihuana on Left Ventricular Performance and Plasma Norepinephrine: Studies in Normal Men

ARNOLD GASH, M.D.; JOEL S. KARLINER, M.D., F.A.C.P.; DAVID JANOWSKY, M.D.; and CHARLES R. LAKE, M.D., Ph.D.
[+] Article and Author Information

Grant support: in part by graduate training grant HL 05846, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health; Bethesda, MD.

▸Requests for reprints should be addressed to Joel S. Karliner, M.D.; University Hospital, 225 Dickinson St.; San Diego, CA 92103.


San Diego, California; and Bethesda, Maryland


Ann Intern Med. 1978;89(4):448-452. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-89-4-448
Text Size: A A A

In 14 healthy men we assessed the effects of smoking marihuana cigarettes containing 6 mg of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol on ultrasound measures of left ventricular function. Four of this group and four additional subjects also had measurements of plasma norepinephrine. Both heart rate and left ventricular performance (mean rate of internal diameter shortening [mean Vcf]) were significantly increased for at least 1 h after drug exposure compared with these values after placebo cigarettes. The immediate tachycardia and increase in mean Vcf were not accompanied by raised plasma norepinephrine levels. However, by 30 min after marihuana exposure, sympathetic neurotransmitter levels were significantly greater than both control values and those after placebo cigarettes, and they remained elevated for at least 2 h. Excessive sympathoadrenal discharge, as evidenced by augmented left ventricular function and prolonged catecholamine release, could adversely affect patients with heart disease.

Figures

Tables

References

Letters

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Comments

Submit a Comment
Submit a Comment

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.

Toolkit

Buy Now

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Advertisement
Related Articles
Related Point of Care
Topic Collections
PubMed Articles

Buy Now

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.
(Required)
(Required)