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Palliative Dilation for Dysphagia in Esophageal Carcinoma

HOWARD A. HEIT, M.D.; LAWRENCE F. JOHNSON, M.D.; STEPHEN R. SIEGEL, M.D.; and H. WORTH BOYCE Jr., M.D.
[+] Article and Author Information

This paper was presented in part at the International Conference on Gastrointestinal Cancer, 10 November 1977, Tel Aviv, Israel.

The views expressed herein are those of the authors and are not to be construed as reflecting the views of the U.S. Army Corps or the Department of Defense.

▸Requests for reprints should be addressed to Lawrence F. Johnson, M.D.; Box 431 O.S.C., Gastroenterology Service, Walter Reed Army Medical Center; Washington, D.C. 20012.


Washington, D.C., and Tampa, Florida


Ann Intern Med. 1978;89(5_Part_1):629-631. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-89-5-629
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We retrospectively reviewed our experience with palliative dilation for dysphagia in esophageal carcinoma. During a 3-year period 26 patients with squamous-cell carcinoma of the esophagus underwent peroral esophageal dilation for relief of dysphagia. Twenty-four were able to resume a soft or regular diet after dilation. This improvement was accomplished with low morbidity and no mortality. Dilations were done without additional risk in patients with malignant tracheoesophageal fistulae and in patients undergoing radiation therapy. We conclude that esophageal dilation can be done safely and effectively in patients with squamous-cell carcinoma of the esophagus. Palliative dilation can significantly improve the quality of life for these patients and should be considered an important part of their management plan.

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