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Infectious Endocarditis Caused by Rothia dentocariosa

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Montefiore Hospital, and the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Ann Intern Med. 1979;91(5):747-748. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-91-5-747
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Rothia dentocariosa, an aerophilic gram-positive coccobacillus, is part of the normal flora of the oral cavity. Although it was first isolated from humans in 1949 (1) and has subsequently been isolated from multiple sites (2-4), its potential as a human pathogen is unclear. The only well-described cases of infections caused by this organism have been in a patient with an appendiceal abscess (3) and in one with a pilonidal abscess (4). We report here a case of infectious endocarditis caused by this organism and its sensitivities to several antibiotics.

A 57-year-old man was admitted to Montefiore Hospital in August 1978


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