0

The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Articles |

Galactorrhea-Amenorrhea Syndrome: Follow-up of Forty-Five Patients After Pituitary Tumor Removal

H. ST. GEORGE TUCKER, M.D.; STEPHEN R. GRUBB, M.D.; JAMES P. WIGAND, M.D.; ALAIN TAYLON, M.D.; HARVEY V. LANKFORD, M.D.; WILLIAM G. BLACKARD, M.D.; and DONALD P. BECKER, M.D.
[+] Article and Author Information

Grant support: by NIH AM01 RR65

▸Requests for reprints should be addressed to Dr. H. St. George Tucker, Box 111, MCV Station, Richmond, VA 23298.


Richmond, Virginia


© 1981 American College of PhysiciansAmerican College of Physicians


Ann Intern Med. 1981;94(3):302-307. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-94-3-302
Text Size: A A A

Forty-five patients with galactorrhea-amenorrhea were followed during a period of 1 to 8 years (mean 3.1) after transsphenoidal prolactinoma removal. The ratios of patients who appear to be cured to the total numbers treated were 20 patients of 27 with grade I tumors; six of 10 with grade II; two of five with grade III; and none with grade IV tumors. Six patients with normal prolactin levels one week postoperatively had relapse later, as did three with normal prolactin levels 2 months postoperatively. A normal prolactin level 6 months postoperatively predicted ultimate cure. The 19 pregnancies that occurred in 15 patients, four with high prolactin levels, were uneventful. Prolactin rose normally with pregnancy and returned to prepregnancy level in all but one patient. Prolactin responses to stimulation tests were blunted for 6 months after successful tumor removal. By 1 year, responses to thyrotropin releasing hormone and metoclopramide tests were returning to normal, although responses to chlorpromazine and hypoglycemia remained blunted. The postoperative inhibition of normal lactotropes for 6 months is suggested. Ultimate cure cannot be determined before 6 months and conception should be deferred until then.

Figures

Tables

References

Letters

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Comments

Submit a Comment
Submit a Comment

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.

Toolkit

Buy Now

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Advertisement
Related Articles
Related Point of Care
Topic Collections
PubMed Articles
Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.
(Required)
(Required)