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Endometritis Related to Chlamydia trachomatis Infection

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Grant support: by grant HD 11441 from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.

▸Requests for reprints should be addressed to Dieter W. Gump, M.D.; University of Vermont College of Medicine; Burlington, VT 05405.

Burlington, Vermont

© 1981 American College of PhysiciansAmerican College of Physicians

Ann Intern Med. 1981;95(1):61-63. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-95-1-61
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A 23-year-old woman had endometritis due to Chlamydia trachomatis infection. Chlamydia trachomatis was cultured from endometrial tissue obtained by biopsy, and elevated levels of serum antibodies, including IgM antibodies, to C. trachomatis were found. Cervical secretions were also positive for antibody. After treatment with tetracycline, endometrial cultures for C. trachomatis were negative and endometrial inflammation disappeared. Chlamydia trachomatis has been implicated in salpingitis, cervicitis, urethritis, and peritonitis. This case shows that endometritis may also result from C. trachomatis infection and in such instances may be a contributing factor in infertility.





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