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Ketoconazole for Treatment of Chronic Pulmonary Coccidioidomycosis

J. BURR ROSS, M.D.; BERNARD LEVINE, M.D.; ANTONINO CATANZARO, M.D.; HANS EINSTEIN, M.D.; RICHARD SCHILLACI, M.D.; and PAUL J. FRIEDMAN, M.D.
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▸Requests for reprints should be addressed to Antonino Catanzaro, M.D.; Pulmonary Division, Department of Medicine, University Hospital, 225 W. Dickinson Street; San Diego, CA 92103.


© 1982 American College of PhysiciansAmerican College of Physicians


Ann Intern Med. 1982;96(4):440-443. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-96-4-440
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Twenty-one patients with chronic pulmonary coccidioidomycosis were treated with ketoconazole. In 16 patients with chronic cavitary disease, nine improved, four showed no change, and the condition of three deteriorated; three of nine patients had culture conversion. Roentgenograms showed improvement in two patients, no change in 12, and deterioration in two. Serologic improvement was not noted. In five patients with persistent infiltrative disease, the response was more favorable. Radiographic improvement, culture conversion, and serologic improvement were seen in most patients. Ketoconazole-induced side effects were mild and of short duration, ending in the first days of therapy. Ketoconazole seems to be of significant value in infiltrative pulmonary disease, but seems unable, at the doses used, to change findings in the sputum or to change radiographic findings in chronic cavitary disease. Further long-term observation is necessary to evaluate fully the role of this drug in chronic pulmonary coccidioidomycosis.

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