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Epidemiologic Studies |

A Review of Toxic Shock Syndrome Surveillance in Wisconsin: The Effect of Media Publicity and Laboratory Services on Reporting of Illness

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▸Requests for reprints should be addressed to Jeffrey P. Davis, M.D.; Bureau of Community Health and Prevention, Division of Health; P.O. Box 309; Madison, WI 53701.

Madison, Wisconsin

© 1982 American College of PhysiciansAmerican College of Physicians

Ann Intern Med. 1982;96(6_Part_2):883-886. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-96-6-883
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A review of case reports on toxic shock syndrome received by the Wisconsin Division of Health through 30 January 1981, with onset of illness before 1 January 1981, showed that media publicity significantly influenced surveillance. Self-reported illness after publicity on toxic shock syndrome was in part responsible for the peak of reported cases with onset of illness in August and September 1980. Adverse media publicity concerning Rely brand tampons (Procter & Gamble) potentially influenced the responses of 22 women in a post-publicity interview; similarity, self-reported cases were more often associated with use of Rely tampons than were physician-reported cases. Epidemiologically defined passive, passive-active, and laboratory-based surveillances for toxic shock syndrome are reviewed.





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