0

The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Brief Communications |

Ketoconazole Blocks Adrenal Steroid Synthesis

ALLAN PONT, M.D.; PAUL L. WILLIAMS, M.D.; DAVID S. LOOSE, Ph.D.; DAVID FELDMAN, M.D.; RICHARD E. REITZ, M.D.; CHARLOTTE BOCHRA; and DAVID A. STEVENS, M.D.
[+] Article and Author Information

Grant support: grant GM-28825, National Institutes of Health.

▸Requests for reprints should be addressed to David A. Stevens, M.D.; Department of Medicine, Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, 751 South Bascom Avenue; San Jose, CA 95128.


San Jose, Oakland, and Stanford, California


©1982 American College of PhysiciansAmerican College of Physicians


Ann Intern Med. 1982;97(3):370-372. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-97-3-370
Text Size: A A A

Ketoconazole, a broad-spectrum, antifungal drug that is administered orally, has been shown to inhibit sterol synthesis in fungi. When gynecomastia developed in some patients taking this drug, we investigated the effects of ketoconazole on steroid synthesis in humans and in isolated adrenal cells from rats. In healthy humans, the Cortisol response to adrenocorticotropic hormone was significantly blunted 4 hours after a 400-mg or 600-mg dose. The inhibition persisted for up to 8 hours and was absent by 16 hours. This finding indicated that adrenal androgen response was reduced. Easily achieved therapeutic concentrations of ketoconazole virtually eliminated corticosterone production by isolated adrenal cells from rats. Although ketoconazole at currently used doses has never been documented to cause clinical hypoadrenalism, caution is urged in high- or multiple-dose trials. The drug may prove useful as an agent to block steroid synthesis.

Figures

Tables

References

Letters

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Comments

Submit a Comment
Submit a Comment

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.

Toolkit

Buy Now

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Advertisement
Related Articles
Related Point of Care
Topic Collections
PubMed Articles

Buy Now

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.
(Required)
(Required)