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Ideas and Opinions |

Death and Dying

PATRICK B. FRIEL, M.D.
[+] Article and Author Information

▸Requests for reprints should be addressed to Patrick B. Friel, M.D.; 801 Farmington Avenue; West Hartford, CT 06119.


© 1982 American College of PhysiciansAmerican College of Physicians


Ann Intern Med. 1982;97(5):767-771. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-97-5-767
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Attitudes toward death have changed dramatically over the centuries. Death had been viewed as a natural event to be accepted without undue fear, and presided over by the dying person. In recent times, however, death has been transformed into a lonely and frequently painful ordeal occurring in the isolation of a hospital room, presided over by the physician and other health care personnel. In the course of a terminal illness, the role of the physician should change from curing to caring. This role needs a full understanding of the various adaptive stages involved in facing death, from initial denial to ultimate acceptance. The physician must also appreciate the various components, both physical and psychological, that constitute the pain of dying.

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