0

The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Conferences |

Estrogen Replacement Therapy: Indications and Complications

HOWARD L. JUDD, M.D.; DAVID R. MELDRUM, M.D.; LEONARD J. DEFTOS, M.D.; and BRIAN E. HENDERSON, M.D.
[+] Article and Author Information

Grant support: by grants CA 23093, RR 865, 2 PO1 CA 17054, and AM 15888, National Institutes of Health; and grants from the American Cancer Society and the Veterans Administration.

▸Requests for reprints should be addressed to Howard L. Judd, M.D.; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, UCLA School of Medicine; Los Angeles, CA 90024.


Los Angeles and La Jolla, California


© 1983 American College of PhysiciansAmerican College of Physicians


Ann Intern Med. 1983;98(2):195-205. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-98-2-195
Text Size: A A A

Estrogen replacement therapy is one of the most controversial issues in the field of reproductive medicine. Indications for its use include hot flashes, vaginal atrophy, and risk of osteoporosis. Risk of heart disease may also be an indication but this use has not been firmly established. The role of estrogen replacement therapy in aging changes of skin needs clarification. Complications of therapy include endometrial cancer, breast cancer, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and gallbladder disease. The last three complications presumably result from hepatic actions of estrogen replacement therapy.

Figures

Tables

References

Letters

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Comments

Submit a Comment
Submit a Comment

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.

Toolkit

Buy Now

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Advertisement
Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.
(Required)
(Required)