0

The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Articles |

Left Ventricular Mural Thrombi Complicating Acute Myocardial Infarction: Long-Term Follow-up with Serial Echocardiography

DAVID J. WEINREICH, M.D.; JAMES F. BURKE, M.D.; and FERREL JO PAULETTO, M.D.
[+] Article and Author Information

▸Requests for reprints should be addressed to James F. Burke, M.D.; Lankenau Medical Building, Suite 239, Lancaster and City Line Avenues; Philadelphia, PA 19151.


Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


© 1984 American College of PhysiciansAmerican College of Physicians


Ann Intern Med. 1984;100(6):789-794. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-100-6-789
Text Size: A A A

To determine the clinical significance of left ventricular thrombi, we used two-dimensional echocardiography to study 261 patients with acute transmural myocardial infarction. Mural thrombi were found in 46 patients. This complication occurred in 34% (44 of 130) of anterior wall infarctions but in only 1.5% (2 of 131) of inferior wall infarctions. An apical wall motion abnormality was present in all patients with thrombus. Severe depression of left ventricular function was not a prerequisite for thrombus formation: the mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 37 ± 1.5%. Forty-three patients with left ventricular thrombi were followed for a mean duration of 15 months with serial echocardiography. None of the 25 patients who received anticoagulation treatment had an embolic event. Embolization occurred in 7 of 18 patients who had not received anticoagulation treatment. All embolic events occurred within 4 months of infarction. Although anticoagulation treatment appeared to provide protection against embolic events, the prevalence of left ventricular thrombi on follow-up echocardiographic study was essentially the same whether or not this treatment was used.

Figures

Tables

References

Letters

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Comments

Submit a Comment
Submit a Comment

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.

Toolkit

Buy Now

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Advertisement
Related Articles
Related Point of Care
Topic Collections
PubMed Articles
Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.
(Required)
(Required)