The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Diagnosis and Treatment |

Biofeedback for Gastrointestinal Disorders: A Review of the Literature

[+] Article, Author, and Disclosure Information

▸Requests for reprints should be addressed to Linda Johnson White; Clinical Efficacy Assessment Project, Department of Health and Public Policy, American College of Physicians, 4200 Pine Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

© 1985 American College of PhysiciansAmerican College of Physicians

Ann Intern Med. 1985;103(2):240-244. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-103-2-240
Text Size: A A A

Although biofeedback has been applied to many gastrointestinal disorders, including reflux esophagitis, peptic ulcer disease, and irritable bowel syndrome, the limited number of reports precludes conclusions concerning its safety or efficacy in these disorders. Most studies have used biofeedback in the treatment of fecal incontinence. Uncontrolled trials have shown this procedure can reduce substantially the frequency of incontinence in 70% to 83% of patients at up to 1 to 2 years of follow-up. Biofeedback has been most successful in patients with a surgical cause for fecal incontinence, but recent data suggest the procedure may also be useful in diabetics. The few number of sessions required, its apparent safety, physiological appeal, and apparent success suggest biofeedback is a promising therapy for this disorder, but it remains inadequately tested.





Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).


Submit a Comment/Letter
Submit a Comment/Letter

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.


Buy Now for $42.00

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Related Articles
Topic Collections
PubMed Articles
Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.