The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Medical and Psychological Problems |

Obesity and Hypertension

[+] Article, Author, and Disclosure Information

▸Requests for reprints should be addressed to Harriet P. Dustan, M.D.; Cardiovascular Research and Training Center, 1002 Ziegler Building, Room 1002, University of Alabama in Birmingham; Birmingham, AL 35294.

© 1985 American College of PhysiciansAmerican College of Physicians

Ann Intern Med. 1985;103(6_Part_2):1047-1049. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-103-6-1047
Text Size: A A A

Obesity and hypertension are closely associated. Hypertension occurs frequently in industrialized populations that gain weight with advancing age, and is infrequent in primitive populations that are not obese. There are two reasons for concern about the relationship of obesity to hypertension. Weight gain in young adult life is a potent risk factor for later development of hypertension. Weight reduction in obese hypertensive persons often reduces arterial pressure. Mechanisms of obesity hypertension are as yet unidentified; an earlier hypothesis that it is related to salt intake has not been supported by recent studies. Hemodynamic studies have shown that obesity is associated with an elevated cardiac output and expanded blood volume; in normotensive obese persons peripheral vascular resistance is reduced, and in hypertensive persons it is normal or elevated. Studies of hormonal and neural factors have failed to explain the presence of hypertension in some obese persons and its absence in others.





Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).


Submit a Comment/Letter
Submit a Comment/Letter

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.


Buy Now for $42.00

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Related Articles
Related Point of Care
Topic Collections
PubMed Articles
The obese pregnancy. J Pak Med Assoc 2016;66(Suppl 1)(9):S65-S68.
Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.