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Health Implications of Obesity: National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Conference Statement

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The Panel heard presentations from 19 authorities in subject areas related to the health implications of obesity, and the Panel statement is a summary of those statements. The full text of the 19 papers will be printed as a special supplement to the October issue of Annals.

▸Requests for reprints should be addressed to Office of Medical Applications of Research, Building 1, Room 216, National Institutes of Health; Bethesda, MD 20205.

*Members of the Consensus Development Panel were Jules Hirsch, M.D., Chairman; Cherryl H. Bell, M.S., R.D.; Johanna T. Dwyer, D.Sc, R.D.; David R. Hawkins, M.D.; Edward J. Huth, M.D.; Herbert L. Hyman, M.D.; Ahmed H. Kissebah, M.D.; Ph.D.; Kristen W. McNutt, Ph.D., J.D.; Maria I. New, M.D.; Ethan A. H. Sims, M.D.; Richard B. Singer, M.D.; William E. Straw, M.D.; Herman A. Tyroler, M.D.; and Vernon R. Young, Ph.D. Members of the Planning Committee were Benjamin T. Burton, Ph.D., Cochairman; Theodore B. Van Itallie, M.D., Cochairman; Reubin Andres, M.D.; C. Wayne Callaway, M.D.; Susan M. Clark; Nancy Ernst, M.S., R.D.; Willis R. Foster, M.D.; Jules Hirsch, M.D.; Merrill S. Read, Ph.D.; Frederic Seltzer, F.S.A.; Michael J. Bernstein; and William H. Hall.

Bethesda, Maryland

Ann Intern Med. 1985;103(6_Part_2):1073-1077. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-103-6-1073
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This excerpt has been provided in the absence of an abstract.

Current knowledge of human obesity has progressed beyond the simple generalizations of the past. Formerly, obesity was considered fully explained by the single adverse behavior of inappropriate eating in the setting of attractive foods. The study of animal models of obesity, biochemical alterations in humans and experimental animals, and the complex interactions of psychosocial and cultural factors that create susceptibility to human obesity indicate that this disease in humans is complex and deeply rooted in biologic systems. Thus, it is almost certain that obesity has multiple causes and that there are different types of obesity.

To assess the health implications


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