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Estrogen-Progesterone Therapy for Bleeding Gastrointestinal Telangiectasias in Chronic Renal Failure: An Uncontrolled Trial

MARK H. BRONNER, M.D.; MARION B. PATE, M.D.; JOHN T. CUNNINGHAM, M.D.; and WILLIAM H. MARSH, M.D.
[+] Article and Author Information

▸Requests for reprints should be addressed to William H. Marsh, M.D.; Medical University of South Carolina, 171 Ashley Avenue; Charleston, SC 29425.


© 1986 American College of PhysiciansAmerican College of Physicians


Ann Intern Med. 1986;105(3):371-374. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-105-3-371
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Gastrointestinal telangiectasias cause hemorrhage in patients with chronic renal failure. Therapies using vasoconstrictors, endoscopic application of heat, and surgery have had limited efficacy. Because several reports have suggested that estrogen or estrogen-progesterone therapy may control mucosal bleeding from telangiectasias in patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, we treated seven patients with chronic renal failure and bleeding gastrointestinal telangiectasias with systemic estrogen or estrogen-progesterone in an uncontrolled trial. Bleeding ceased in all patients. Blood transfusion requirements decreased from a mean of 1.2 U/month before treatment to 0.21 U/month after treatment. No significant side effects were noted. Results of this trial indicate the need for controlled investigations of this type of hormonal therapy.

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