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Gallstones, Gallbladder Cancer, and Other Gastrointestinal Malignancies: An Epidemiologic Study in Rochester, Minnesota

ALBERTO MARINGHINI, M.D.; JACQUES A. MOREAU, M.D.; L. JOSEPH MELTON III, M.D.; VICTORIA S. HENCH, M.S.; ALAN R. ZINSMEISTER, Ph.D.; and EUGENE P. DiMAGNO, M.D.
[+] Article and Author Information

Supported in part by research grants AM-30582 and AM-34988 from the National Institutes of Health, a grant from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of France (Dr. Moreau), grant NSC-60 from the Sicilian Health Service (Dr. Maringhini), and a grant from the Mayo Foundation.

Presented in abstract form May 1986 at the annual meeting of the American can Gastroenterological Association, San Francisco, California.

▸Requests for reprints should be addressed to Eugene P. DiMagno, M.D.; GI Diagnostic Unit, Mayo Clinic; Rochester, MN 55905.


Rochester, Minnesota


©1987 American College of PhysiciansAmerican College of Physicians


Ann Intern Med. 1987;107(1):30-35. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-107-1-30
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All 2583 residents of Rochester, Minnesota, who had gallstones initially diagnosed during the years 1950 to 1970 were followed for the development of gastrointestinal malignancies. Although 69 members of the cohort subsequently developed 72 gastrointestinal malignancies, this number of cases did not exceed the 76 cases expected (relative risk, 1.0). The risk for gallbladder cancer was increased threefold, but the increase was significant only in men (p = 0.05; 95% confidence interval, 1.0 to 30.0). The absolute incidence and the total number of men and women who developed gallbladder cancer was low (n = 5). The actual incidence of other gastrointestinal malignancies in our cohort with gallstones did not exceed the expected incidence in the general population of Rochester, Minnesota. Specifically, the risk for colon cancer was not increased, even after cholecystectomy. These data support an association between cholelithiasis and gallbladder cancer. We found, however, no association between cholelithiasis or cholecystectomy and any other gastrointestinal malignancy.

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