The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Articles |

Obstructive Lung Disease after Allogeneic Marrow Transplantation: Clinical Presentation and Course

Joan G. Clark, MD; Stephen W. Crawford, MD; David K. Madtes, MD; and Keith M. Sullivan, MD
[+] Article, Author, and Disclosure Information

Grant Support: Supported in part by USPHS grants CA-18029, CA-8221, CA-09515, and CA-15707 from the National Cancer Institute and grant HL-36444 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

Requests for Reprints: Joan G. Clark, MD, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1124 Columbia Street, Seattle, WA 98104.

Current Author Addresses: Drs. Clark, Crawford, Madtes, and Sullivan: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1124 Columbia Street, Seattle, WA 98104.

©1989 American College of PhysiciansAmerican College of Physicians

Ann Intern Med. 1989;111(5):368-376. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-111-5-368
Text Size: A A A

To describe the clinical presentation and progression of obstructive lung disease after marrow transplantation, we examined a sequential sample of 35 patients who had allogeneic marrow transplantation between January 1980 and January 1987, were 16 years or older, had normal pulmonary function tests before transplantation, and developed airflow obstruction defined as FEV1/FVC less than 70% and FEV1 less than 80% predicted 50 days or more after transplantation. Cases were selected from 1029 adult (older than 16 years) patients who underwent allogeneic marrow transplantation during the same period. Patients with airflow obstruction presented with symptoms of cough, dyspnea, or wheezing, or a combination. In 80% the chest radiograph was normal. Airflow obstruction was diagnosed within 1.5 years after transplantation in 33 of 35 patients. Clinical, extensive, chronic graft-versus-host disease was present in 24 patients. Only 4 patients had a complete response to primary therapy of chronic graft-versus-host disease. Serum IgG and IgA levels were decreased in 15 and 25 patients, respectively. The FEV1 declined rapidly (decrease in FEV1 > 30% between tests) in 21 patients, but 14 patients with slowly progressive or reversible disease were identified. Mortality was 65% at 3 years after transplant, a significantly higher value (P = 0.016) than the 3-year mortality rate of 44% in a comparison group of 412 concurrent patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease who were 16 years or older, survived more than 80 days after transplantation, and had normal pulmonary function. We concluded that obstructive lung disease after marrow transplantation may be variable with respect to time of onset and rate of progression. Obstructive lung disease was frequently associated with serum immunoglobulin deficiency and clinical, extensive, chronic graft-versus-host disease that was not readily responsive to treatment. Mortality was high but long-term survivors were identified.





Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).


Submit a Comment/Letter
Submit a Comment/Letter

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.


Buy Now for $42.00

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Related Articles
Related Point of Care
Topic Collections
PubMed Articles
The clinical use of regenerative therapy in COPD. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2014;9():1389-96.
Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.