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National Study of Internal Medicine Manpower: XVII.Changes in the Characteristics of Internal MedicineResidents and Their Training Programs, 1988-1989

Ronald M. Andersen, PhD; Christopher Lyttle, MA; Claire H. Kohrman, PhD; Gerald S. Levey, MD; Kristen Neymarc, MA; and Christian Schmidt, BA
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Grant Support: In part by grants from the Association of Professors of Medicine, the American College of Physicians, the American Board of Internal Medicine, the Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine, the Richard King Mellon Foundation, and the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation.

Requests for Reprints: Ronald M. Andersen, PhD, Center for Health Administration Studies, The University of Chicago, 1101 East 58th Street, Chicago, IL 60637.

Current Author Addresses: Drs. Andersen and Kohrman, Mr. Lyttle, Ms. Neymarc, and Mr. Schmidt: Center for Health Administration Studies, 1101 East 58th Street, Chicago, IL 60637.

Dr. Levey: University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 1200 Scaife Hall, 3350 Terrace Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15261.

Ann Intern Med. 1990;113(3):243-249. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-113-3-243
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The National Study of Internal Medicine Manpower (NaSimm) has been surveying program directors of internal medicine about their programs and residents for 13 years. The 1988-1989 survey results, when compared with the results for 1987-1988, show an increase in both the number of residency positions offered in internal medicine and the number of residents in internal medicine programs. Although the proportion of graduates from U.S. medical schools who choose internal medicine is not changing (34%), the proportion of U.S. medical school graduates who continue training in internal medicine after their first year is decreasing. The composition of the residents in internal medicine by medical school graduated is also changing. Almost 25% of the first-year residents (R1s) in internal medicine are now graduates of foreign medical schools (FMGs) compared with 14% in 1976. The proportion of first-year female residents in internal medicine has increased to 30%, whereas the proportion of both first-year blacks and Hispanics has remained constant at 5% each. In nearly 25% (109 of 440) of the residency programs, more than 50% of the R1s are FMGs. Hispanics, Asians, and blacks were found to be over-represented in the programs training larger proportions of FMGs. This over-representation is attributable, in part, to the fact that Hispanics and Asians may be FMGs. Training issues of concern to program directors continue to be the provision of ambulatory and primary care experiences and the scheduling of nights on call. The survey results show that many residency program directors have reported a reduction in the number of nights on call and an increase in the amount of time residents spend in ambulatory training.





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