▪Objective: To evaluate the incidence of Hodgkin disease and non-Hodgkin lymphoma among homosexual men infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
▪Design: Cohort study with computer-matched identification of participants with the Northern California Cancer Center registry. Population rate comparisons were made with data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) cancer registry.
▪Participants: The 6704 homosexual men in the San Francisco City Clinic Cohort study.
▪Measurements: Incidence of Hodgkin disease, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, HIV infection, and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS); calculation of sex and age-adjusted standardized morbidity ratios and attributable risk.
▪Results: Eight cases of Hodgkin disease and 90 cases of non-Hodgkin lymphoma were identified through computer matching among cohort members residing in the San Francisco Bay area from 1978 through 1989. Among the HIV-infected men, the age-adjustedstandardized morbidity ratio was 5.0 (95% Cl, 2.0 to 10.3) for Hodgkin disease and 37.7 (Cl, 30.3 to 46.7) for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The excess risk attributable to HIV infection was 19.3 cases of Hodgkin disease per 100 000 person-years and 224.9 cases of non-Hodgkin lymphoma per 100 000 person-years.
▪Conclusion: An excess incidence of Hodgkin disease was found in HIV-infected homosexual men. Additional well-designed epidemiologic studies are needed to determine whether Hodgkin disease should be considered an HIV-related malignancy.