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Assessment of Cardiovascular Risk: A Return to Basics

Warren K. Laskey, MD
[+] Article and Author Information

Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104. Requests for Reprints: Warren K. Laskey, MD, Cardiology Department, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 9 Founders Pavilion, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104.


Copyright ©2004 by the American College of Physicians


Ann Intern Med. 1993;118(2):149-150. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-118-2-199301150-00012
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Medicine (in particular cardiovascular medicine) has become increasingly dependent on sophisticated technology for the diagnosis and treatment of disease. The broad application of such technology has taken place in the absence of rigorous risk- and cost–benefit analysis. Further, the characterization of cardiovascular risk has focused on the minority of patients with clinically advanced disease. The ability to predict the likelihood of development of serious disease depends on the complete and accurate characterization of risk factors. That the presence of such factors may be revealed in the clinical and historical information obtained from a patient during the initial encounter with a physician is explored by Pryor and colleagues in this issue of Annals. The quantitative importance of this easily obtained information is expressed in a composite probability that is in accord with observed outcomes. In some instances, such information may provide a more useful prediction scheme than costly technologic means. Thus, a return to the fundamentals of clinical medicine represents an “advance” in the quest for appropriate allocation of resources.

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