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Estrogen Protection against Bone Resorbing Effects of Parathyroid Hormone Infusion: Assessment by Use of Biochemical Markers

Felicia Cosman, MD; Victor Shen, PhD; Fang Xie, MS; Markus Seibel, MD; Anthony Ratcliffe, MD; and Robert Lindsay, MD, PhD
[+] Article and Author Information

From Regional Bone Center, Helen Hayes Hospital, West Haverstraw, New York; Columbia University, New York, New York. Requests for Reprints: Felicia Cosman, MD, Regional Bone Center, Helen Hayes Hospital, Route 9W, West Haverstraw, NY 10993. Acknowledgment: The authors thank Adrianne Tewksbury for preparation of the manuscript. Grant Support: In part by National Institutes of Health grants AR-39191, RR-00645, and RO1 DK-42892.


Copyright ©2004 by the American College of Physicians


Ann Intern Med. 1993;118(5):337-343. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-118-5-199303010-00003
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Objective: Because parathyroid hormone (PTH) stimulates bone resorption, resistance to its actions might help maintain bone mass. We tested the hypothesis that the effects of estrogen on bone are accomplished in part by decreasing the sensitivity of the skeleton to the resorbing effects of PTH.

Study Design: Comparison of response to PTH infusion in untreated and estrogen-treated postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.

Intervention: (1-34) human PTH, 0.55 U/(kg x h), was infused intravenously over 20 hours.

Setting: The inpatient clinical research unit of a referral hospital.

Patients: Women with primary postmenopausal osteoporosis who were untreated (n = 15) or treated with estrogen (n = 17).

Main Outcome Measures: Skeletal turnover indices including hydroxyproline, deoxypyridinoline, pyridinoline, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, bone Gla protein, and insulin-like growth factor-1.

Results: All basal indices were higher in untreated than in estrogen-treated women, but statistical differences were seen only for deoxypyridinoline and pyridinoline. During the 20-hour infusion, hydroxyproline/creatinine increased 0.023 µmol/µmol in untreated women but only 0.010 µmol/µmol in estrogen-treated women (P < 0.05). Corresponding changes for deoxypyridinoline/creatinine were 14.6 µmol/µmol and 3.5 µmol/µmol (P = 0.06). Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and pyridinoline increased only in the untreated group. A circadian rhythm in circulating bone Gla protein was seen in both groups without clear PTH-induced effects or differences between groups. Alkaline phosphatase levels and insulin-like growth factor-1 decreased in both groups with no distinction between untreated and estrogen-treated women.

Conclusion: The estrogenized postmenopausal osteoporotic skeleton is less sensitive to the bone resorbing effects of acutely administered PTH. There are no differential effects on bone formation.

Figures

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Figure 1.
Urine hydroxyproline/creatinine, serum bone Gla protein, and serum total alkaline phosphatase levels during (1-34) human parathyroid hormone (PTH) infusion.Top.PPMiddle.PTHBottom.P

Hydroxyproline/creatine (µmol/µmol) levels increased significantly in both groups ( < 0.05) but rose more briskly and to a higher peak in the untreated osteoporotic women. An overall group difference over time was seen by ANOVA ( < 0.05). Serum bone Gla protein increased and subsequently returned to basal values in both groups with no overall group differences. (Control groups not receiving [data not shown] exhibited similar diurnal rhythms.) Serum total alkaline phosphatase levels were diminished below basal at the first serum sampling (4 hours) in both groups ( < 0.05), and reduced levels persisted throughout the infusion. There were no overall statistical group differences. squares = untreated women; circles = estrogen-treated women.

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