0

The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Diagnosis and Treatment |

Incontinence in the Nursing Home

Joseph G. Ouslander, MD; and John F. Schnelle, PhD
[+] Article and Author Information

From the University of California, Borun Center for Gerontological Research, Los Angeles, California. Requests for Reprints: Joseph Ouslander, MD, Jewish Home for the Aging of Greater Los Angeles, 18855 Victory Boulevard, Reseda, CA 91335.


Copyright ©2004 by the American College of Physicians


Ann Intern Med. 1995;122(6):438-449. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-122-6-199503150-00007
Text Size: A A A

Urinary and fecal incontinence are prevalent, disruptive, and expensive health problems in the nursing home population. Nursing home residents who are incontinent of urine should have a basic diagnostic assessment, including a focused history and bladder record, a targeted physical examination, a urinalysis, and a determination of postvoid residual urine volume done by catheterization or ultrasonography. Potentially reversible conditions, such as fecal impaction and drug side effects, should be identified and treated. Selected residents should have further urodynamic evaluation or other diagnostic tests. Prompted voiding, a simple, noninvasive behavioral intervention, is effective in managing daytime urinary incontinence in one quarter to one third of incontinent nursing home residents. If it is to be effective over a long period of time, this intervention must be targeted to those residents most likely to respond. Selected nursing home residents will benefit from other behavioral interventions, drug therapy, or surgery. Because of the morbidity associated with it, long-term catheterization should only be used for specific indications. Like urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence may be caused by potentially reversible conditions. After such conditions have been excluded, fecal incontinence can generally be managed effectively by avoiding fecal impaction and by using a systematic bowel-training protocol.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 1.
Example of a record that is helpful in assessing incontinent nursing home residents and in following their response to intervention.
Grahic Jump Location

Tables

References

Letters

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Comments

Submit a Comment
Submit a Comment

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.

Toolkit

Buy Now

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Advertisement
Related Articles
Related Point of Care
Topic Collections

Buy Now

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.
(Required)
(Required)