0

The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
History of Medicine |

How To Learn from Patients: Fuller Albright's Exploration of Adrenal Function

Theodore B. Schwartz
[+] Article and Author Information

Requests for Reprints: Theodore B. Schwartz, MD, 4820 Roberts Road, Boise, ID 83705. Acknowledgments: The author thanks Richard Wolfe for his valuable assistance and Genevieve Schwartz for her unstinting editorial support.


Copyright ©2004 by the American College of Physicians


Ann Intern Med. 1995;123(3):225-229. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-123-3-199508010-00010
Text Size: A A A

Fuller Albright (1900-1969) was acknowledged as the preeminent clinical and investigative endocrinologist of his day by many of his contemporaries, but his many achievements are all but unknown to the present generation of physicians. This article describes how he used his clinical knowledge and a few tools—the measurement of urinary 17-ketosteroid excretion and the administration of methyltestosterone—to elucidate the major hormonal functions of the adrenal cortex and to clarify the pathophysiology of the Cushing syndrome. In addition, in a tour de force of clinical reasoning, he predicted, 5 years before the event, the discovery of a hormone that would reverse the endocrinologic abnormalities of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Fittingly, he and pioneer pediatric endocrinologist Lawson Wilkins were the first to treat this disease successfully with cortisone.

Figures

Tables

References

Letters

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Comments

Submit a Comment
Submit a Comment

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.

Toolkit

Buy Now

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Advertisement
Topic Collections

Buy Now

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.
(Required)
(Required)