The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Articles |

Misoprostol Dosage in the Prevention of Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug-Induced Gastric and Duodenal Ulcers: A Comparison of Three Regimens

Jeffrey B. Raskin, MD; Richard H. White, MD; Joseph E. Jackson, MD; Arthur L. Weaver, MD; Elizabeth A. Tindall, MD; Richard B. Lies, MD; and David S. Stanton, MD
[+] Article, Author, and Disclosure Information

From the Veterans Affairs Medical Center and the University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida; University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California; Walker Clinical Evaluations, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana; Arthritis Center of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska; Portland Adventist Medical Center, Portland, Oregon; Wichita Clinic, Wichita, Kansas; and Western Medical Center, Santa Ana, California. Acknowledgments: The authors thank John G. Fort, MD, MBA, for help in preparing the manuscript; William Archambault, PhD, for help in the statistical analyses; and Paula Meier for secretarial support. Grant Support: In part by a grant from G.D. Searle & Co. Requests for Reprints: Jeffrey B. Raskin, MD, 1611 NW 12th Avenue, South Wing #220, Miami, FL 33136. Current Author Addresses: Dr. Raskin: 1611 NW 12th Avenue, South Wing #220, Miami, FL 33136.

Copyright ©2004 by the American College of Physicians

Ann Intern Med. 1995;123(5):344-350. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-123-5-199509010-00004
Text Size: A A A

Objective: To compare the effectiveness and tolerability of three misoprostol dosing regimens for the prevention of gastric and duodenal ulcers associated with long-term nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) therapy.

Design: A multicenter, 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel, four-limb study.

Patients: Eligibility criteria included upper gastrointestinal symptoms during NSAID therapy and no endoscopic evidence of gastric or duodenal ulcers. A total of 1623 patients was enrolled; 1197 of these met major accession and regimen-compliance criteria and completed the trial. These 1197 patients composed the evaluable group.

Interventions: Patients were randomly assigned to one of four regimens: placebo four times daily; 200 µg of misoprostol twice daily and placebo twice daily; 200 µg of misoprostol three times daily and placebo once daily; and 200 µg of misoprostol four times daily.

Measurements: Upper gastrointestinal endoscopic examinations for ulcers were done after 4, 8, and 12 weeks of therapy. Tolerability and safety of the regimens were assessed by adverse-event monitoring.

Results: In the placebo group, the incidence of gastric ulcers was 15.7% and the incidence of duodenal ulcers was 7.5%. The incidence of gastric ulcers was significantly lower in the groups receiving misoprostol twice daily (8.1%; difference, 7.6% [95% CI, 2.7% to 12.5%]; P = 0.002), three times daily (3.9%; difference, 11.8% [CI, 7.4% to 16.3%]; P < 0.001), and four times daily (4%; difference, 11.7% [CI, 6.7% to 16.8%]; P < 0.001) compared with placebo. The gastric ulcer rate was significantly higher in patients receiving misoprostol twice daily compared with those receiving misoprostol three times daily (difference, 4.2% [95% CI, 0.7% to 7.7%]; P = 0.02). A significant (P = 0.02) misoprostol dose-response effect was noted in the prevention of gastric ulcers. The incidence of duodenal ulcers was significantly lower in the groups receiving misoprostol twice daily (2.6%; difference, 4.9% [CI, 1.5% to 8.2%]; P = 0.004), three times daily (3.3%; difference, 4.2% [CI, 0.6% to 7.7%]; P = 0.019), and four times daily (1.4%; difference, 6.1% [CI, 2.6% to 9.6%]; P = 0.007) compared with placebo. No significant difference was detected between patients receiving misoprostol twice daily and those receiving misoprostol three times daily, and no dose-response effect was noted with duodenal ulcers. The incidence of withdrawals for adverse events was significantly lower in the groups receiving misoprostol twice daily (12%) and three times daily (12%) than in the group receiving it four times daily (20%). The incidence of gastrointestinal adverse events was significantly higher in the group receiving misoprostol four times daily (74%) than in the placebo group (62%).

Conclusion: Misoprostol, 200 µg twice or three times daily, offers substantial protection against gastric and duodenal ulcers in patients receiving long-term NSAID therapy. These dosages were better tolerated than the currently approved regimen of 200 µg four times daily.





Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).


Submit a Comment
Submit a Comment

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.


Buy Now for $32.00

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Related Articles
Related Point of Care
Topic Collections
PubMed Articles
Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.